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Parenting Predictors of Delay Inhibition in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Preschoolers.

Title: Parenting Predictors of Delay Inhibition in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Preschoolers.
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Name(s): Merz, Emily C, author
Landry, Susan H, author
Zucker, Tricia A, author
Barnes, Marcia A, author
Assel, Michael, author
Taylor, Heather B, author
Lonigan, Christopher J, author
Phillips, Beth M, author
Clancy-Menchetti, Jeanine, author
Eisenberg, Nancy, author
Spinrad, Tracy L, author
Valiente, Carlos, author
de Villiers, Jill, author
Consortium, The School Readiness Research, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study examined longitudinal associations between specific parenting factors and delay inhibition in socioeconomically disadvantaged preschoolers. At Time 1, parents and 2- to 4-year-old children (mean age = 3.21 years; = 247) participated in a videotaped parent-child free play session, and children completed delay inhibition tasks (gift delay-wrap, gift delay-bow, and snack delay tasks). Three months later, at Time 2, children completed the same set of tasks. Parental responsiveness was coded from the parent-child free play sessions, and parental directive language was coded from transcripts of a subset of 127 of these sessions. Structural equation modeling was used, and covariates included age, gender, language skills, parental education, and Time 1 delay inhibition. Results indicated that in separate models, Time 1 parental directive language was significantly negatively associated with Time 2 delay inhibition, and Time 1 parental responsiveness was significantly positively associated with Time 2 delay inhibition. When these parenting factors were entered simultaneously, Time 1 parental directive language significantly predicted Time 2 delay inhibition whereas Time 1 parental responsiveness was no longer significant. Findings suggest that parental language that modulates the amount of autonomy allotted the child may be an important predictor of early delay inhibition skills.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_27833461 (IID), 10.1002/icd.1946 (DOI), PMC5098809 (PMCID), 27833461 (RID), 27833461 (EID)
Keywords: Delay inhibition, Early childhood, Executive function, Parenting
Grant Number: P01 HD048497, T32 MH013043
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5098809.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27833461
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Infant and child development.
1522-7227
Issue: iss. 5, vol. 25

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Merz, E. C., Landry, S. H., Zucker, T. A., Barnes, M. A., Assel, M., Taylor, H. B., … Consortium, T. S. R. R. (2016). Parenting Predictors of Delay Inhibition in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Preschoolers. Infant And Child Development. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27833461