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Risk Factors for Substance Misuse and Adolescents' Symptoms of Depression.

Title: Risk Factors for Substance Misuse and Adolescents' Symptoms of Depression.
Name(s): Siennick, Sonja E, author
Widdowson, Alex O, author
Woessner, Mathew K, author
Feinberg, Mark E, author
Spoth, Richard L, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Depressive symptoms during adolescence are positively associated with peer-related beliefs, perceptions, and experiences that are known risk factors for substance misuse. These same risk factors are targeted by many universal substance misuse prevention programs. This study examined whether a multicomponent universal substance misuse intervention for middle schoolers reduced the associations between depressive symptoms, these risk factors, and substance misuse. The study used data from a place-randomized trial of the Promoting School-Community-University Partnerships to Enhance Resilience model for delivery of evidence-based substance misuse programs for middle schoolers. Three-level within-person regression models were applied to four waves of survey, and social network data from 636 adolescents followed from sixth through ninth grades. When adolescents in control school districts had more symptoms of depression, they believed more strongly that substance use had social benefits, perceived higher levels of substance misuse among their peers and friends, and had more friends who misused substances, although they were not more likely to use substances themselves. Many of the positive associations of depressive symptoms with peer-related risk factors were significantly weaker or not present among adolescents in intervention school districts. The Promoting School-Community-University Partnerships to Enhance Resilience interventions reduced the positive associations of adolescent symptoms of depression with peer-related risk factors for substance misuse.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_27751712 (IID), 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.08.010 (DOI), PMC5182119 (PMCID), 27751712 (RID), 27751712 (EID), S1054-139X(16)30254-3 (PII)
Keywords: Depression, Risk factors, Substance use prevention
Grant Number: P2C HD041025, R01 AA014702, R01 DA013709, R01 DA018225
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior/psychology
Depressive Disorder/epidemiology
Depressive Disorder/psychology
Peer Group
Risk Factors
Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders/psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine.
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 60

Choose the citation style.
Siennick, S. E., Widdowson, A. O., Woessner, M. K., Feinberg, M. E., & Spoth, R. L. (2017). Risk Factors for Substance Misuse and Adolescents' Symptoms of Depression. The Journal Of Adolescent Health : Official Publication Of The Society For Adolescent Medicine. Retrieved from