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No Community Is an Island

Title: No Community Is an Island: The Effects of Resource Deprivation on Urban Violence in Spatially and Socially Proximate Communities.
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Name(s): Mears, Daniel P., author
Bhati, Avinash S., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2006-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The link between resource deprivation and urban violence has long been explored in criminological research. Studies, however, have largely ignored the potential for resource deprivation in particular communities to affect rates of violence in others. The relative inattention is notable because of the strong theoretical grounds to anticipate influences that extend both to geographically contiguous areas and to those that, though not contiguous, share similar social characteristics. We argue that such influences—what we term spatial and social proximity effects, respectively—constitute a central feature of community dynamics. To support this argument, we develop and test theoretically derived hypotheses about spatial and social proximity effects of resource deprivation on aggregated and disaggregated homicide counts. Our analyses indicate that local area resource deprivation contributes to violence in socially proximate communities, an effect that, in the case of instrumental homicides, is stronger when such communities are spatially proximate. We conclude by discussing the implications of our findings for theories focused on community-level social processes and violence, and for policies aimed at reducing crime in disadvantaged areas.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548355362_bf6cc086 (IID), 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2006.00056.x (DOI)
Keywords: homicide, violence, community resource deprivation
Publication Note: The version of record can be found at https://www.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2006.00056.x
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-0006
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548355362_bf6cc086
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Criminology.
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 44

Choose the citation style.
Mears, D. P., & Bhati, A. S. (2006). No Community Is an Island: The Effects of Resource Deprivation on Urban Violence in Spatially and Socially Proximate Communities. Criminology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548355362_bf6cc086