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Posttraumatic stress symptom severity and cognitive-based smoking processes among trauma-exposed treatment-seeking smokers

Title: Posttraumatic stress symptom severity and cognitive-based smoking processes among trauma-exposed treatment-seeking smokers: The role of perceived stress.
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Name(s): Garey, Lorra, author
Bakhshaie, Jafar, author
Vujanovic, Anka A, author
Reitzel, Lorraine R, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Zvolensky, Michael J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Trauma exposure and smoking co-occur at an alarmingly high rate. However, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying this clinically significant relation. The present study examined perceived stress as an explanatory mechanism linking posttraumatic stress symptom severity and smoking-specific avoidance/inflexibility, perceived barriers to smoking cessation, and negative affect reduction/negative reinforcement expectancies from smoking among trauma-exposed smokers. Participants were trauma-exposed, treatment-seeking daily cigarette smokers (n=179; 48.0% female; Mage=41.17; SD=12.55). Results indicated that posttraumatic stress symptom severity had an indirect significant effect on each of the dependent variables via perceived stress. The present results provide empirical support that perceived stress may be an underlying mechanism that indirectly explains posttraumatic symptoms relation to smoking-specific avoidance/inflexibility, perceived barriers to smoking cessation, and negative affect reduction/negative reinforcement expectancies among trauma-exposed smokers. These findings suggest that there may be clinical utility in targeting perceived stress among trauma-exposed smokers via stress management psychoeducation and skills training.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_27100473 (IID), 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.038 (DOI), PMC4884455 (PMCID), 27100473 (RID), 27100473 (EID), S0306-4603(16)30140-X (PII)
Keywords: Perceived stress, Posttraumatic stress, Smoking, Tobacco, Trauma
Grant Number: R01 MH076629
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4884455.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cognition
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology
Severity of Illness Index
Smoking Cessation/methods
Smoking Cessation/psychology
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/complications
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology
Stress, Psychological/psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder/complications
Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27100473
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Addictive behaviors.
1873-6327
Issue: vol. 60

Choose the citation style.
Garey, L., Bakhshaie, J., Vujanovic, A. A., Reitzel, L. R., Schmidt, N. B., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2016). Posttraumatic stress symptom severity and cognitive-based smoking processes among trauma-exposed treatment-seeking smokers: The role of perceived stress. Addictive Behaviors. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27100473