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John Henryism Active Coping as a Cultural Correlate of Substance Abuse Treatment Participation Among African American Women.

Title: John Henryism Active Coping as a Cultural Correlate of Substance Abuse Treatment Participation Among African American Women.
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Name(s): Stevens-Watkins, Danelle, author
Knighton, Joi-Sheree', author
Allen, Kristin, author
Fisher, Sycarah, author
Crowell, Candice, author
Mahaffey, Carlos, author
Leukefeld, Carl, author
Oser, Carrie, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-04-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The rates of illicit drug use among African American women are increasing, yet African American women are least likely to participate in treatment for substance use disorders when compared to women of other racial groups. The current study examined family history of substance use, perceived family support, and John Henryism Active Coping (JHAC) as correlates to seeking treatment for substance abuse. The underlying theoretical frame of JHAC (James et al., 1983) suggests that despite limited resources and psychosocial stressors, African Americans believe that hard work and self-determination are necessary to cope with adversities. The current study is a secondary data analyses of 206 drug-using African American women (N=104 urban community women with no criminal justice involvement and N=102 women living in the community on supervised probation) from urban cities in a southern state. It was expected that African American women with a family history of substance abuse, higher levels of perceived family support, and more active coping skills would be more likely to have participated in substance abuse treatment. Step-wise logistic regression results reveal that women on probation, had children, and had a family history of substance abuse were significantly more likely to report participating in substance abuse treatment. Perceived family support and active coping were significant negative correlates of participating in treatment. Implication of results suggests coping with psychosocial stressors using a self-determined and persistent coping strategy may be problematic for drug-using women with limited resources.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26899801 (IID), 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.01.004 (DOI), PMC4793159 (PMCID), 26899801 (RID), 26899801 (EID), S0740-5472(16)00017-9 (PII)
Keywords: African American, Coping, Culture, Treatment, Women
Grant Number: UL1 TR000117, P50 DA005312, K08 DA032296, T32DA035200, R01DA022967, K02DA035116, R01 DA022967, T32 DA035200, K08DA032296, K02 DA035116, P50DA005312
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4793159.
Subject(s): Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans/psychology
Counseling
Cultural Characteristics
Female
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Middle Aged
Stress, Psychological
Substance-Related Disorders/ethnology
Substance-Related Disorders/therapy
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26899801
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of substance abuse treatment.
1873-6483
Issue: vol. 63

Choose the citation style.
Stevens-Watkins, D., Knighton, J. -S. ', Allen, K., Fisher, S., Crowell, C., Mahaffey, C., … Oser, C. (2016). John Henryism Active Coping as a Cultural Correlate of Substance Abuse Treatment Participation Among African American Women. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26899801