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Chimpanzee () Model of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs

Title: A Chimpanzee () Model of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs: Development and Initial Validation.
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Name(s): Latzman, Robert D, author
Drislane, Laura E, author
Hecht, Lisa K, author
Brislin, Sarah J, author
Patrick, Christopher J, author
Lilienfeld, Scott O, author
Freeman, Hani J, author
Schapiro, Steven J, author
Hopkins, William D, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The current work sought to operationalize constructs of the triarchic model of psychopathy in chimpanzees (), a species well-suited for investigations of basic biobehavioral dispositions relevant to psychopathology. Across three studies, we generated validity evidence for scale measures of the triarchic model constructs in a large sample (=238) of socially-housed chimpanzees. Using a consensus-based rating approach, we first identified candidate items for the chimpanzee triarchic (CHMP-Tri) scales from an existing primate personality instrument and refined these into scales. In Study 2, we collected data for these scales from human informants (=301), and examined their convergent and divergent relations with scales from another triarchic inventory developed for human use. In Study 3, we undertook validation work examining associations between CHMP-Tri scales and task measures of approach-avoidance behavior (=73) and ability to delay gratification (=55). Current findings provide support for a chimpanzee model of core dispositions relevant to psychopathy and other forms of psychopathology.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26779396 (IID), 10.1177/2167702615568989 (DOI), PMC4713038 (PMCID), 26779396 (RID), 26779396 (EID)
Keywords: Animal Models, Chimpanzees, Personality, Psychopathy, Triarchic Model
Grant Number: R01 MH092923, R01 NS042867, U42 RR015090
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4713038.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26779396
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Clinical psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
2167-7026
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 4

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Latzman, R. D., Drislane, L. E., Hecht, L. K., Brislin, S. J., Patrick, C. J., Lilienfeld, S. O., … Hopkins, W. D. (2016). A Chimpanzee () Model of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs: Development and Initial Validation. Clinical Psychological Science : A Journal Of The Association For Psychological Science. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26779396