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Sustained smoking abstinence is associated with reductions in smoking-specific experiential avoidance among treatment-seeking smokers.

Title: Sustained smoking abstinence is associated with reductions in smoking-specific experiential avoidance among treatment-seeking smokers.
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Name(s): Farris, Samantha G, author
DiBello, Angelo M, author
Heggeness, Luke F, author
Reitzel, Lorraine R, author
Vidrine, Damon J, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Zvolensky, Michael J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Smoking-specific experiential avoidance is related to the maintenance of cigarette smoking. However, it is unclear whether sustained smoking abstinence is associated with subsequent reductions in smoking-specific experiential avoidance. Daily smokers (n = 149) underwent a cessation attempt in the context of a 4-session smoking cessation treatment trial. Participants provided biochemical verification of smoking status at 1 week, 2 weeks, and 1 Month post-quit day. Smoking-specific experiential avoidance was assessed per the Avoidance and Inflexibility Scale (AIS) - the total score and two factor scores were examined at 1 Month post-quit day as a function of abstinence status. Two path models were conducted and included participant sex, treatment condition, and pre-cessation nicotine dependence, smoking-specific experiential avoidance, and presence of emotional disorders as covariates. After adjusting for covariates, sustained smoking abstinence was associated with a reduction in the AIS total score at Month 1 post-quit (β = -.45, p < .001). Sustained smoking abstinence was associated with reductions across both facets of experiential avoidance -- smoking-related thoughts and feelings (β = -.44, p < .001) and internal bodily sensations (β = -.41, p < .001). Biochemical verification of smoking status was confirmed only at three time points post-quit day, and continued abstinence throughout the one-month post-quitting period is not fully known. Sustained smoking abstinence may contribute to reductions in smoking-specific experiential avoidance. Findings add to the research documenting the relevance of experiential avoidance in various processes of smoking (including smoking abstinence).
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26773342 (IID), 10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.12.003 (DOI), PMC4755816 (PMCID), 26773342 (RID), 26773342 (EID), S0005-7916(15)30047-1 (PII)
Keywords: Acceptance, Experiential avoidance, Smoking cessation, Tobacco, Willingness
Grant Number: F31 DA035564, P30 CA016672, R01 MH076629, F31-DA035564
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4755816.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Avoidance Learning/physiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Likelihood Functions
Male
Middle Aged
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Smoking Cessation/methods
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26773342
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry.
1873-7943
Issue: vol. 51

Choose the citation style.
Farris, S. G., DiBello, A. M., Heggeness, L. F., Reitzel, L. R., Vidrine, D. J., Schmidt, N. B., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2016). Sustained smoking abstinence is associated with reductions in smoking-specific experiential avoidance among treatment-seeking smokers. Journal Of Behavior Therapy And Experimental Psychiatry. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26773342