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Anxiety sensitivity risk reduction in smokers

Title: Anxiety sensitivity risk reduction in smokers: A randomized control trial examining effects on panic.
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Name(s): Schmidt, Norman B, author
Raines, Amanda M, author
Allan, Nicholas P, author
Zvolensky, Michael J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-02-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Empirical evidence has identified several risk factors for panic psychopathology, including smoking and anxiety sensitivity (AS; the fear of anxiety-related sensations). Smokers with elevated AS are therefore a particularly vulnerable population for panic. Yet, there is little knowledge about how to reduce risk of panic among high AS smokers. The present study prospectively evaluated panic outcomes within the context of a controlled randomized risk reduction program for smokers. Participants (N = 526) included current smokers who all received a state-of-the-art smoking cessation intervention with approximately half randomized to the AS reduction intervention termed Panic-smoking Program (PSP). The primary hypotheses focus on examining the effects of a PSP on panic symptoms in the context of this vulnerable population. Consistent with prediction, there was a significant effect of treatment condition on AS, such that individuals in the PSP condition, compared to those in the control condition, demonstrated greater decreases in AS throughout treatment and the follow-up period. In addition, PSP treatment resulted in lower rates of panic-related symptomatology. Moreover, mediation analyses indicated that reductions in AS resulted in lower panic symptoms. The present study provides the first empirical evidence that brief, targeted psychoeducational interventions can mitigate panic risk among smokers.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26752327 (IID), 10.1016/j.brat.2015.12.011 (DOI), PMC4752863 (PMCID), 26752327 (RID), 26752327 (EID), S0005-7967(15)30075-9 (PII)
Keywords: Anxiety sensitivity, Intervention, Panic, Prevention, Smokers
Grant Number: R01 MH076629, R01 MH076629-0
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4752863.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Anxiety/prevention & control
Anxiety/therapy
Anxiety Disorders
Fear/psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Panic/drug effects
Panic Disorder/prevention & control
Panic Disorder/therapy
Risk Factors
Risk Reduction Behavior
Smoking/psychology
Smoking Cessation/methods
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26752327
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Behaviour research and therapy.
1873-622X
Issue: vol. 77

Choose the citation style.
Schmidt, N. B., Raines, A. M., Allan, N. P., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2016). Anxiety sensitivity risk reduction in smokers: A randomized control trial examining effects on panic. Behaviour Research And Therapy. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26752327