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Personality traits and body mass index

Title: Personality traits and body mass index: Modifiers and mechanisms.
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Name(s): Sutin, Angelina R, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: To identify how demographic factors (sex, age, ethnicity) modify the association between personality traits and body mass index (BMI) and to test the extent that diet and physical activity account for the personality-BMI relations. Cross-sectional study with a diverse sample (N = 5150, 50% female, 19% African American, 15% Hispanic). Participants completed a measure of the five major dimensions of personality and reported on their physical activity, diet and food intake behaviour, and height and weight. BMI and obesity (BMI ≥ 30). High Neuroticism was associated with higher BMI and risk for obesity, whereas Conscientiousness and, to a lesser extent, Extraversion and Openness were protective. These associations were generally stronger among women and older participants; there was less evidence for ethnicity as a moderator. Personality had similar relations with the behavioural factors, and physical activity, diet and regular meal rhythms accounted for approximately 50% of the association between Neuroticism and Conscientiousness and BMI. This study supports the links between personality traits and BMI and suggests that physical activity, more than diet, is a key factor in these associations.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26274568 (IID), 10.1080/08870446.2015.1082561 (DOI), PMC4827155 (PMCID), 26274568 (RID), 26274568 (EID)
Keywords: Conscientiousness, Behavioural risk factors, Diet, Exercise, Five factor model, Obesity
Grant Number: R15 HD083947, 1R15HD083947
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4827155.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet/psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Obesity/psychology
Personality
Risk Factors
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26274568
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Psychology & health.
1476-8321
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 31

Choose the citation style.
Sutin, A. R., & Terracciano, A. (2016). Personality traits and body mass index: Modifiers and mechanisms. Psychology & Health. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26274568