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Proceedings of the 2015 ASPEN Research Workshop-Taste Signaling.

Title: Proceedings of the 2015 ASPEN Research Workshop-Taste Signaling.
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Name(s): Spector, Alan C, author
le Roux, Carel W, author
Munger, Steven D, author
Travers, Susan P, author
Sclafani, Anthony, author
Mennella, Julie A, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This article summarizes research findings from 6 experts in the field of taste and feeding that were presented at the 2015 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Research Workshop. The theme was focused on the interaction of taste signals with those of a postingestive origin and how this contributes to regulation of food intake through both physiological and learning processes. Gastric bypass results in exceptional loss of fat mass and increases in circulating levels of key gut peptides, some of which are also expressed along with their cognate receptors in taste buds. Changes in taste preference and food selection in both bariatric surgery patients and rodent models have been reported. Accordingly, the effects of this surgery on taste-related behavior were examined. The conservation of receptor and peptide signaling mechanisms in gustatory and extraoral tissues was discussed in the context of taste responsiveness and the regulation of metabolism. New findings detailing the features of neural circuits between the caudal nucleus of the solitary tract (NST), receiving visceral input from the vagus nerve, and the rostral NST, receiving taste input, were discussed, as was how early life experience with taste stimuli and learned associations between flavor and postoral consequences of nutrients can exert potent and long-lasting effects on feeding.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26598504 (IID), 10.1177/0148607115617438 (DOI), PMC4877284 (PMCID), 26598504 (RID), 26598504 (EID), 0148607115617438 (PII)
Keywords: Proteins, Research and diseases, Surgery
Grant Number: R01 HD072307, R01 DC009821, R01 DC000416, R13 DK102191, R01 DC011287, R01 DC010110, R01 DK031135, R21 DC013676, R21 DC012751, R01 HD037119
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4877284.
Subject(s): Animals
Bariatric Surgery
Blood Glucose/metabolism
Congresses as Topic
Disease Models, Animal
Food Preferences
Gastrointestinal Hormones/blood
Humans
Rats
Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism
Taste
Taste Buds/physiology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26598504
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition.
1941-2444
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 41

Choose the citation style.
Spector, A. C., Le Roux, C. W., Munger, S. D., Travers, S. P., Sclafani, A., & Mennella, J. A. (2017). Proceedings of the 2015 ASPEN Research Workshop-Taste Signaling. Jpen. Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26598504