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Natural Mentors, Social Class, And College Success

Title: Natural Mentors, Social Class, And College Success.
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Inaccessible until Mar 1, 2020 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Reynolds, John R., author
Parrish, Michael, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2018-03
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Natural mentors provide advice, moral support, and assistance to adolescents who aspire to obtain a postsecondary degree, but past studies of the benefits of having an informal adult mentor have yet to resolve several issues. Our analyses of a national sample of high school graduates test three hypotheses: (H1) natural mentoring increases the odds of college attendance and completion, (H2) guidance and career advice are more important for college success than encouragement or role modeling, and (H3) students from poor and working-class families benefit more from mentoring than students from middle- and upper-class families. Hypotheses 1 and 3 are clearly supported when examining the odds of attending college, while Hypothesis 2 was not supportedencouragement and role modeling boost attendance, not advice or practical help. None of the hypotheses is supported when predicting degree completion among those who matriculated. As natural mentors do not appreciably increase the odds of completing college, we conclude past studies have overstated the postsecondary educational benefits of natural mentors.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426605000015 (IID), 10.1002/ajcp.12209 (DOI)
Keywords: experiences, youth, school, outcomes, achievement, information, inequality, employment, stratification, higher-education, College attendance, Degree completion, Natural mentors, Social class
Publication Note: The publisher's version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12209
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426605000015
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: American Journal of Community Psychology.
0091-0562
Issue: iss. 1-2, vol. 61

Choose the citation style.
Reynolds, J. R., & Parrish, M. (2018). Natural Mentors, Social Class, And College Success. American Journal Of Community Psychology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426605000015