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Discovery Of Slow Magnetic Fluctuations And Critical Slowing Down In The Pseudogap Phase Of Yba2cu3oy

Title: Discovery Of Slow Magnetic Fluctuations And Critical Slowing Down In The Pseudogap Phase Of Yba2cu3oy.
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Name(s): Zhang, Jian, author
Ding, Zhaofeng, author
Tan, Cheng, author
Huang, Kevin, author
Bernal, Oscar O., author
Ho, Pei-Chun, author
Morris, Gerald D., author
Hillier, Adrian D., author
Biswas, Pabitra K., author
Cottrell, Stephen P., author
Xiang, Hui, author
Yao, Xin, author
MacLaughlin, Douglas E., author
Shu, Lei, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2018-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The origin of the pseudogap region below a temperature T* is at the heart of the mysteries of cuprate high-temperature superconductors. Unusual properties of the pseudogap phase, such as broken time-reversal and inversion symmetry are observed in several symmetry-sensitive experiments: polarized neutron diffraction, optical birefringence, dichroic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, second harmonic generation, and polar Kerr effect. These properties suggest that the pseudogap region is a genuine thermodynamic phase and are predicted by theories invoking ordered loop currents or other formsof intra-unit-cell (IUC) magnetic order. However, muon spin rotation (mSR) and nuclearmagnetic resonance (NMR) experiments do not see the static local fields expected for magnetic order, leaving room for skepticism. The magnetic resonance probes have much longer time scales, however, over which local fields could be averaged by fluctuations. The observable effect of the fluctuations inmagnetic resonance is then dynamic relaxation. We have measured dynamic muon spin relaxation rates in single crystals of YBa2Cu3Oy (6.72 < y < 6.95) and have discovered "slow" fluctuating magnetic fields with magnitudes and fluctuation rates of the expected orders of magnitude that set in consistently at temperatures T-mag approximate to T*. The absence of any static field (to which mSR would be linearly sensitive) is consistent with the finite correlation length from neutron diffraction. Equally important, these fluctuations exhibit the critical slowing downat T-mag expected near a time-reversal symmetrybreaking transition. Our results explain the absence of static magnetism and provide support for the existence of IUC magnetic order in the pseudogap phase.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426694200044 (IID), 10.1126/sciadv.aao5235 (DOI)
Keywords: order, state, relaxation, single-crystals, heat, high-temperature superconductivity, high-t-c, positive muons
Publication Note: The publisher's version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aao5235
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426694200044
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Science Advances.
2375-2548
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 4

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Zhang, J., Ding, Z., Tan, C., Huang, K., Bernal, O. O., Ho, P. -C., … Shu, L. (2018). Discovery Of Slow Magnetic Fluctuations And Critical Slowing Down In The Pseudogap Phase Of Yba2cu3oy. Science Advances. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426694200044