You are here

Morphometric Analysis of Shape Differences in Windover and Point Hope Archaic Human Mandibles

Title: Morphometric Analysis of Shape Differences in Windover and Point Hope Archaic Human Mandibles.
6 views

Inaccessible until Sep 27, 2020 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Boren, Seth B., author
Slice, Dennis E., professor directing thesis
Shanbhag, Sachin, committee member
Beerli, Peter, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Scientific Computing, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Master Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (36 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The mandible can provide valuable information on both the life history and genetic makeup of Archaic human populations. If two genetically separated Homo sapiens populations practice differing dietary behaviors, one may expect to see significant variation in mandibular morphology. The following analysis tests two hypotheses: (1) that there are significant differences in morphology in mandibular shape between the sexes amongst Archaic North American H. sapiens and (2) that there is a significant difference in variance in mandibular shape between Archaic Floridian and Alaskan H. sapiens. The Archaic Floridian H. sapiens are taken from the Windover burial site and the Alaskan H. sapiens are taken from the Point Hope burial site. A sample made from mandible specimens taken from both populations is subjected to Principal Component Analyses (PCA). The component scores from the PCAs are subjected to both a Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) and general Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) to determine whether significant differences in variance exist between the sexes and the populations. The MANCOVA found that there were no significant interactions between the PC scores between populations, sexes, or size. Significant differences in variance were found between males and females and between the Windover and Point Hope populations. Differences in variance observed between the populations are suspected to be due to differences in subsistence strategies. Differences in variance between the sexes are suspected to be genetic in origin.
Identifier: FSU_FALL2017_Boren_fsu_0071N_14264 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Scientific Computing in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2017.
Date of Defense: November 17, 2017.
Keywords: Archaic Period, mandible, morphometrics, Point Hope, Windover
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Dennis E. Slice, Professor Directing Thesis; Sachin Shanbhag, Committee Member; Peter Beerli, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Archaeology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_FALL2017_Boren_fsu_0071N_14264
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Boren, S. B. (2017). Morphometric Analysis of Shape Differences in Windover and Point Hope Archaic Human Mandibles. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_FALL2017_Boren_fsu_0071N_14264