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Insect Herbivores Increase The Spatial Aggregation Of A Clonal Plant

Title: Insect Herbivores Increase The Spatial Aggregation Of A Clonal Plant.
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Inaccessible until Apr 1, 2019 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Hakes, Alyssa S., author
Halpern, Stacey, author
Underwood, Nora, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2018-04
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Premise of research.In a plant population, the pattern of spatial dispersion from uniform to strongly aggregated can influence the intensity of ecological interactions, including those between plants and their consumers, such as herbivorous insects. Whether insect herbivores also contribute to the generation of dispersion patterns within plant populations, however, is not well understood. We investigated how insect herbivory and plant density interact to influence the degree of aggregation of stems in experimental plots of the clonal perennial herb Solanum carolinense, a noxious weed in the southeastern United States and invasive in other parts of the world.Methodology.We planted S. carolinense in 40 experimental plots at five densities and maintained each plot at one of two herbivory levels. Stems in every plot were initially planted in a uniform dispersion pattern. For 3 yr, we quantified the dispersion of clonal recruits in each plot at six spatial scales.Pivotal results.At larger spatial scales, we found significant interactions between plant density and insect herbivory. In plots with herbivores, spatial aggregation increased as plant density decreased, but this relationship was weak or nonexistent in plots where herbivores were excluded (herbivore-excluded plots exhibited random dispersion of stems across all densities). Solanum carolinense in plots exposed to herbivores were on average twice as aggregated as those that had herbivores excluded.Conclusions.These results suggest that insect herbivores can influence clonal growth or ramet survival in ways that increase population-level aggregation of S. carolinense. Our findings also imply that S. carolinense populations in its invasive range may have increased spatial spread and decreased intraspecific competition when herbivory is low. We discuss the potential for specific types of feedbacks between insect damage and plant dispersion, highlighting important targets for future research.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426758000005 (IID), 10.1086/696685 (DOI)
Keywords: patterns, solidago-altissima, Solanum carolinense, solanum-carolinense, seed dispersal, biological-control, carex-arenaria, density effects, dispersion, herbivory, old-field, patch size, physiological integration, population dynamics, Ripley's K, trientalis-europaea l
Publication Note: The publisher's version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.1086/696685
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426758000005
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: International Journal of Plant Sciences.
1058-5893
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 179

Choose the citation style.
Hakes, A. S., Halpern, S., & Underwood, N. (2018). Insect Herbivores Increase The Spatial Aggregation Of A Clonal Plant. International Journal Of Plant Sciences. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000426758000005