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Factor structure and aetiological architecture of the BRIEF

Title: Factor structure and aetiological architecture of the BRIEF: A twin study.
Name(s): Little, Callie W, author
Taylor, Jeanette, author
Moltisanti, Allison, author
Ennis, Chelsea, author
Hart, Sara A, author
Schatschneider, Chris, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Executive function is a broad construct that encompasses various processes involved in goal-directed behaviour in non-routine situations (Banich, 2009). The present study uses a sample of 560 5- to 16-year-old twin pairs (M = 11.14, SD = 2.53): 219 monozygotic twin pairs (114 female; 105 male) and 341 dizygotic twin pairs (136 female, 107 male; 98 opposite sex) to extend prior literature by providing information about the factor structure and the genetic and environmental architecture of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF; Gioia et al., 2000, Child Neuropsychol., 6, 235; Gioia et al., 2000, Behavior rating inventory of executive function, Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources), a multifaceted rating scale of everyday executive functions. Phenotypic results revealed a 9-scale, 3-factor model best represents the BRIEF structure within the current sample. Results of the genetically sensitive analyses indicated the presence of rater bias/contrast effects for the Initiate, Working Memory, and Task-Monitor scales. Additive genetic and non-shared environmental influences were present for the Initiate, Plan/Organize, Organization of Materials, Shift, and Monitor and Self-Monitor scales. Influences on Emotional Control were solely environmental. Interestingly, the aetiological architecture observed was similar to that of performance-based measures of executive function. This observed similarity provided additional evidence for the usefulness of the BRIEF as a measure of 'everyday' executive function.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26351204 (IID), 10.1111/jnp.12084 (DOI), PMC4833672 (PMCID), 26351204 (RID), 26351204 (EID)
Keywords: BRIEF , Executive functioning, Genetic influences, Twin study
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Adolescent
Child Behavior/physiology
Child Development/physiology
Child, Preschool
Executive Function/physiology
Gene-Environment Interaction
Memory, Short-Term/physiology
Models, Psychological
Neuropsychological Tests
Twins, Dizygotic
Twins, Monozygotic
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of neuropsychology.
Issue: iss. 2, vol. 11

Choose the citation style.
Little, C. W., Taylor, J., Moltisanti, A., Ennis, C., Hart, S. A., & Schatschneider, C. (2017). Factor structure and aetiological architecture of the BRIEF: A twin study. Journal Of Neuropsychology. Retrieved from