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Identifying learning patterns of children at risk for Specific Reading Disability.

Title: Identifying learning patterns of children at risk for Specific Reading Disability.
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Name(s): Barbot, Baptiste, author
Krivulskaya, Suzanna, author
Hein, Sascha, author
Reich, Jodi, author
Thuma, Philip E, author
Grigorenko, Elena L, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-05-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Differences in learning patterns of vocabulary acquisition in children at risk (+SRD) and not at risk (-SRD) for Specific Reading Disability (SRD) were examined using a microdevelopmental paradigm applied to the multi-trial Foreign Language Learning Task (FLLT; Baddeley et al., 1995). The FLLT was administered to 905 children from rural Chitonga-speaking Zambia. A multi-group Latent Growth Curve Model (LGCM) was implemented to study interindividual differences in intraindividual change across trials. Results showed that the +SRD group recalled fewer words correctly in the first trial, learned at a slower rate during the subsequent trials, and demonstrated a more linear learning pattern compared to the -SRD group. This study illustrates the promise of LGCM applied to multi-trial learning tasks, by isolating three components of the learning process (initial recall, rate of learning, and functional pattern of learning). Implications of this microdevelopmental approach to SRD research in low-to-middle income countries are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26037654 (IID), 10.1111/desc.12313 (DOI), PMC4751058 (PMCID), 26037654 (RID), 26037654 (EID)
Grant Number: P50 HD052120, R01 TW008274, TW008274
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751058.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Child
Female
Humans
Language Development Disorders/diagnosis
Language Development Disorders/physiopathology
Language Tests
Learning/physiology
Learning Disorders/diagnosis
Learning Disorders/physiopathology
Male
Mental Recall/physiology
Reading
Risk Factors
Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
Vocabulary
Young Adult
Zambia
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26037654
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Developmental science.
1467-7687
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 19

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Barbot, B., Krivulskaya, S., Hein, S., Reich, J., Thuma, P. E., & Grigorenko, E. L. (2016). Identifying learning patterns of children at risk for Specific Reading Disability. Developmental Science. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26037654