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Examining Associations Among ADHD, Homework Behavior, and Reading Comprehension

Title: Examining Associations Among ADHD, Homework Behavior, and Reading Comprehension: A Twin Study.
Name(s): Little, Callie W, author
Hart, Sara A, author
Schatschneider, Christopher, author
Taylor, Jeanette, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2016-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Previous literature has indicated an important association between reading comprehension and both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and homework habits. This investigation sought to extend previous knowledge by providing information about how ADHD and homework behavior (i.e., completing homework regularly) may jointly influence reading comprehension. Using a genetically sensitive design, this study examined the genetic and environmental influences on and between ADHD, homework behavior and reading comprehension. Participants for this study included 691 twin pairs (351 monozygotic, 340 same-sex dizygotic) from the Florida Twin Project on Behavior and Environment (FTP-BE) and 2647 twin pairs (865 monozygotic, 1782 dizygotic) from the larger Florida Twin Project on Reading (FTP-R) in Grades 3 through 7. Three separate models, each representing a different definition of ADHD (full ADHD, inattention only, and hyperactivity/impulsivity only), showed similar patterns of results; therefore, results of the full ADHD model are discussed. Overlapping genetic influences were found between ADHD, homework behavior, and reading comprehension, but no shared environmental influences among all three. However, shared environmental influences overlapped between homework behavior and reading comprehension. Although the sources of this environmental overlap are unknown, these results have implications for improving homework practices and their subsequent influence on literacy skills through homework environments.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_25349092 (IID), 10.1177/0022219414555715 (DOI), PMC4411209 (PMCID), 25349092 (RID), 25349092 (EID), 0022219414555715 (PII)
Keywords: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Comprehension, Genetics, Reading
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/etiology
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/genetics
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology
Child Behavior/psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of learning disabilities.
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 49

Choose the citation style.
Little, C. W., Hart, S. A., Schatschneider, C., & Taylor, J. (2016). Examining Associations Among ADHD, Homework Behavior, and Reading Comprehension: A Twin Study. Journal Of Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from