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Gender Differences in Reading Impairment and in the Identification of Impaired Readers

Title: Gender Differences in Reading Impairment and in the Identification of Impaired Readers: Results From a Large-Scale Study of At-Risk Readers.
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Name(s): Quinn, Jamie M, author
Wagner, Richard K, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2015-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Reading impairment is more common in males, but the magnitude and origin of this gender difference are debated. In a large-scale study of reading impairment among 491,103 beginning second-graders, gender differences increased with greater severity of reading impairment, peaking at a ratio of 2.4:1 for a broad measure of fluency and a ratio of 1.6:1 for a narrow measure of decoding. Results from three tests indicate that gender differences in reading impairment are attributable primarily to male vulnerability rather than ascertainment bias. Correspondence between identification as an impaired reader by our study criteria and school identification as learning disabled was poor overall and worse for girls: Only 1 out of 4 boys and 1 out of 7 girls identified as reading impaired in our study was school identified as learning disabled.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_24153403 (IID), 10.1177/0022219413508323 (DOI), PMC3997651 (PMCID), 24153403 (RID), 24153403 (EID), 0022219413508323 (PII)
Keywords: Dyslexia, Gender differences, Reading
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3997651.
Subject(s): Child
Dyslexia/diagnosis
Dyslexia/epidemiology
Female
Florida/epidemiology
Humans
Male
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24153403
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of learning disabilities.
1538-4780
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 48

Choose the citation style.
Quinn, J. M., & Wagner, R. K. (2015). Gender Differences in Reading Impairment and in the Identification of Impaired Readers: Results From a Large-Scale Study of At-Risk Readers. Journal Of Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24153403