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Academic Achievement Among Juvenile Detainees.

Title: Academic Achievement Among Juvenile Detainees.
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Name(s): Grigorenko, Elena L, author
Macomber, Donna, author
Hart, Lesley, author
Naples, Adam, author
Chapman, John, author
Geib, Catherine F, author
Chart, Hilary, author
Tan, Mei, author
Wolhendler, Baruch, author
Wagner, Richard, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2015-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The literature has long pointed to heightened frequencies of learning disabilities (LD) within the population of law offenders; however, a systematic appraisal of these observations, careful estimation of these frequencies, and investigation of their correlates and causes have been lacking. Here we present data collected from all youth (1,337 unique admissions, mean age 14.81, 20.3% females) placed in detention in Connecticut (January 1, 2010-July 1, 2011). All youth completed a computerized educational screener designed to test a range of performance in reading (word and text levels) and mathematics. A subsample (n = 410) received the Wide Range Achievement Test, in addition to the educational screener. Quantitative (scale-based) and qualitative (grade-equivalence-based) indicators were then analyzed for both assessments. Results established the range of LD in this sample from 13% to 40%, averaging 24.9%. This work provides a systematic exploration of the type and severity of word and text reading and mathematics skill deficiencies among juvenile detainees and builds the foundation for subsequent efforts that may link these deficiencies to both more formal, structured, and variable definitions and classifications of LD, and to other types of disabilities (e.g., intellectual disability) and developmental disorders (e.g., ADHD) that need to be conducted in future research.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_24064502 (IID), 10.1177/0022219413500991 (DOI), PMC5064284 (PMCID), 24064502 (RID), 24064502 (EID), 0022219413500991 (PII)
Keywords: Juvenile detainees, Mathematics, Reading
Grant Number: P50 HD052120, HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5064284.
Subject(s): Achievement
Adolescent
Connecticut/epidemiology
Educational Measurement/statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Juvenile Delinquency/statistics & numerical data
Learning Disorders/epidemiology
Male
Prisoners/statistics & numerical data
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24064502
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of learning disabilities.
1538-4780
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 48

Choose the citation style.
Grigorenko, E. L., Macomber, D., Hart, L., Naples, A., Chapman, J., Geib, C. F., … Wagner, R. (2015). Academic Achievement Among Juvenile Detainees. Journal Of Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24064502