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Reading Ability and Substance Use in Adolescents

Title: Reading Ability and Substance Use in Adolescents: A Twin Study.
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Name(s): Bater, Devan, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Bachelor Thesis
Date Issued: 2018-04-04
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Through the study of vulnerability and early risk factors, the increased chance of those with reading disabilities suffering from substance abuse can be possibly prevented and better ways to cope can be discovered. Previous studies have shown that low reading scores and abilities in adolescence can be an early sign of possible reading disorders and substance use in adolescence can be a risk factor for substance abuse later in life. The focus of this study was to explore the correlation between different reading ability measures and a substance use measure to determine if there is a correlation between the two risk factors. A twin study was also used to determine if any possible correlations were due to genetic factors, environmental factors, or both. This study was conducted using adolescent twin data collected from the Florida Twin Project on Reading, Behavior, and Environment. The substance use measure in this study focused primarily on alcohol use. It was hypothesized that lower reading abilities would mean a higher probability of substance use, and that this correlation would be caused by genetic factors. The results showed very few phenotypic correlations with statistical significance between the reading ability measures and the substance use measure. The twin correlations for the substance use measure proved to show the correlations with the most statistical significance. Only one cross-twin cross-trait correlation was found to be statistically significant between the reading ability measures and the substance use measure. The findings in this study do not provide evidence to support nor dispute the hypothesis since there did not appear to be a clear positive nor negative relationship between low reading ability and substance use in adolescents. The results did suggest non-additive genetics could be a causal effect on the relationship of substance use between twin pairs.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1524848029_b28c57d3 (IID)
Keywords: Reading Ability, Substance Use, Twin Study, Adolescents
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1524848029_b28c57d3
Owner Institution: FSU

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Bater, D. (2018). Reading Ability and Substance Use in Adolescents: A Twin Study. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1524848029_b28c57d3