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Amelioration of Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns

Title: Amelioration of Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns: Exposure to Dissociative Symptoms.
Name(s): Norr, Aaron Martin, author
Schmidt, Norman B., professor directing dissertation
Winegardner, Mark, 1961-, university representative
Li, Wen (Professor of Psychology), committee member
Cougle, Jesse R. (Jesse Ray), committee member
McNulty, James, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (56 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has become one of the most well researched risk factors for the development of psychopathology. Research has found that the AS subfactor of cognitive concerns may play an important role in PTSD, depression, and suicide. AS reduction protocols commonly use interoceptive exposure (IE), or exposure to bodily sensations, to reduce AS. However, current IE paradigms (e.g., CO2 inhalation, straw breathing, hyperventilation) primarily induce physical anxiety symptoms (e.g., racing heart, dizziness), and thus might not be optimal for the reduction of AS cognitive concerns. Previous work has shown that fear reactivity during the induction of dissociative symptoms is uniquely associated with AS cognitive concerns, and therefore it is possible that repeated exposure to dissociative symptoms will result in habituation and decreased AS cognitive concerns. The current study investigated whether repeated exposure to the induction of dissociative symptoms would reduce AS cognitive concerns, and thus be viable as an IE component of treatments directly targeting AS cognitive concerns. Participants (N = 50) who scored at or above 1 SD above the mean on the ASI-3 cognitive subscale were randomly assigned to repeated exposure to dissociative symptoms through audio-visual stimulation or to a control condition (repeatedly listening to classical music). Results revealed that the classical music control condition resulted in significant decreases in AS cognitive concerns as compared the active dissociation exposure treatment. Unfortunately, these results do not support the viability of this exposure paradigm in the current format as a treatment for elevated AS cognitive concerns. Future directions include increasing the potency of the symptoms induced, increasing the number of exposures, and providing a stronger conceptual framework for the participants prior to undergoing the exposures.
Identifier: FSU_SUMMER2017_Norr_fsu_0071E_13096 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester 2016.
Date of Defense: March 29, 2016.
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Norman Schmidt, Professor Directing Dissertation; Mark Winegardner, University Representative; Wen Li, Committee Member; Jesse Cougle, Committee Member; James McNulty, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Norr, A. M. (2016). Amelioration of Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns: Exposure to Dissociative Symptoms. Retrieved from