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Hopelessness Regarding Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness

Title: Hopelessness Regarding Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness: A Test of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide.
Name(s): Hagan, Christopher R. (Christopher Ryan), author
Joiner, Thomas, Jr., professor directing dissertation
Winegardner, Mark, 1961-, university representative
Patrick, Christopher J., committee member
Plant, Ashby, committee member
Johnson, Frank (Professor of Psychology), committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (85 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Numerous theories of suicide converge on the importance of hopelessness as a crucial factor driving suicidal desire. Recent theories of suicide including the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS) and the ideation-to-action framework focus on the importance of understanding what contributes to the transition from suicidal thoughts to suicidal actions. The ITS posits that hopelessness, specifically about thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness (i.e. interpersonal hopelessness), is the key factor that transforms passive thoughts about death and suicide into active thoughts about and planning for suicide. This study will evaluate a newly developed measure to evaluate interpersonal hopelessness and test the specific assertions of the ITS regarding the role of hopelessness in suicidal desire and suicide risk overall. Three unique populations including an undergraduate student sample, community adult sample, and a geographically diverse Internet responding sample were assessed to evaluate these hypotheses. The newly created measure of interpersonal hopelessness, while reliable, did not appear to be a valid indicator of hopelessness as predicted. This problem of validity may have contributed to the lack of consistent support for each of the primary hypotheses in this study. While future research should continue to investigate the specific role of interpersonal hopelessness within the context of suicide risk, an alternative measure should be developed and tested to assess interpersonal hopelessness in a more valid way.
Identifier: FSU_SUMMER2017_Hagan_fsu_0071E_13540 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2016.
Date of Defense: October 24, 2016.
Keywords: hopelessness, interpersonal theory of suicide, perceived burdensomeness, suicide, thwarted belongingness
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Thomas E. Joiner, Jr., Professor Directing Dissertation; Mark Winegardner, University Representative; Christopher Patrick, Committee Member; Ashby Plant, Committee Member; Frank Johnson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Clinical psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Hagan, C. R. (C. R. ). (2016). Hopelessness Regarding Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness: A Test of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Retrieved from