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Role Of Early Growth Response 1 (egr1) In Brain Plasticity And Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Title: The Role Of Early Growth Response 1 (egr1) In Brain Plasticity And Neuropsychiatric Disorders.
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Name(s): Duclot, Florian, author
Kabbaj, Mohamed, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-03-06
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: It is now clearly established that complex interactions between genes and environment are involved in multiple aspects of neuropsychiatric disorders, from determining an individual's vulnerability to onset, to influencing its response to therapeutic intervention. In this perspective, it appears crucial to better understand how the organism reacts to environmental stimuli and provide a coordinated and adapted response. In the central nervous system, neuronal plasticity and neurotransmission are among the major processes integrating such complex interactions between genes and environmental stimuli. In particular, immediate early genes (IEGs) are critical components of these interactions as they provide the molecular framework for a rapid and dynamic response to neuronal activity while opening the possibility for a lasting and sustained adaptation through regulation of the expression of a wide range of genes. As a result, IEGs have been tightly associated with neuronal activity as well as a variety of higher order processes within the central nervous system such as learning, memory and sensitivity to reward. The immediate early gene and transcription factor early growth response 1 (EGR1) has thus been revealed as a major mediator and regulator of synaptic plasticity and neuronal activity in both physiological and pathological conditions. In this review article, we will focus on the role of EGR1 in the central nervous system. First, we will summarize the different factors influencing its activity. Then, we will analyze the amount of data, including genome-wide, that has emerged in the recent years describing the wide variety of genes, pathways and biological functions regulated directly or indirectly by EGR1. We will thus be able to gain better insights into the mechanisms underlying EGR1's functions in physiological neuronal activity. Finally, we will discuss and illustrate the role of EGR1 in pathological states with a particular interest in cognitive functions and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000395439100001 (IID), 10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00035 (DOI)
Keywords: stress, anxiety, prefrontal cortex, synaptic plasticity, memory, c-fos, dna-binding, early growth response 1, immediate-early gene, long-term potentiation, ngfi-a, rat-brain, repeated restraint stress, target genes, transcription factor zif268/egr1, Zif268
Publication Note: The publisher's version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00035
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000395439100001
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience.
1662-5153
Issue: vol. 11

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Duclot, F., & Kabbaj, M. (2017). The Role Of Early Growth Response 1 (egr1) In Brain Plasticity And Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Frontiers In Behavioral Neuroscience. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000395439100001