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Trajectories of cultural stressors and effects on mental health and substance use among Hispanic immigrant adolescents.

Title: Trajectories of cultural stressors and effects on mental health and substance use among Hispanic immigrant adolescents.
Name(s): Schwartz, Seth J, author
Unger, Jennifer B, author
Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes, author
Zamboanga, Byron L, author
Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I, author
Des Rosiers, Sabrina E, author
Romero, Andrea J, author
Cano, Miguel Ángel, author
Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A, author
Córdova, David, author
Piña-Watson, Brandy M, author
Huang, Shi, author
Villamar, Juan A, author
Soto, Daniel W, author
Pattarroyo, Monica, author
Szapocznik, José, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2015-04-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: We sought to determine the extent to which initial levels and over-time trajectories of cultural stressors (discrimination, negative context of reception, and bicultural stress) predicted well-being, internalizing symptoms, conduct problems, and health risk behaviors among recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. Addressing this research objective involved creating a latent factor for cultural stressors, establishing invariance for this factor over time, estimating a growth curve for this factor over time, and examining the effects of initial levels (intercepts) and trajectories (slopes) of cultural stressors on adolescent outcomes. A sample of 302 recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents in Miami (median of 1 year in the United States at baseline) and Los Angeles (median of 3 years in the United States at baseline) was recruited from public schools and assessed six times over a 3-year period. Perceived discrimination, context of reception, and bicultural stress loaded onto a latent factor at each of the first five timepoints. A growth curve conducted on this factor over the first five timepoints significantly predicted lower self-esteem and optimism, more depressive symptoms, greater aggressive behavior and rule breaking, and increased likelihood of drunkenness and marijuana use. The present results may be important in designing interventions for Hispanic immigrant children and adolescents, including those within the present wave of unaccompanied child migrants. Results indicate targeting cultural stressors in interventions may have potential to improve well-being and decrease externalizing behaviors and substance use within this population.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_25650112 (IID), 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.12.011 (DOI), PMC4399639 (PMCID), 25650112 (RID), 25650112 (EID), S1054-139X(14)00823-4 (PII)
Keywords: Adolescent, Conduct problems, Context of reception, Cultural stress, Depressive symptoms, Discrimination, Hispanic, Immigrant, Positive youth development, Substance use
Grant Number: R01 AA021888, R01 DA025694, UL1 TR000460
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Adolescent
Emigrants and Immigrants/psychology
Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data
Hispanic Americans/psychology
Hispanic Americans/statistics & numerical data
Longitudinal Studies
Los Angeles/epidemiology
Mental Disorders/epidemiology
Mental Disorders/ethnology
Mental Disorders/etiology
Prejudice/statistics & numerical data
Self Concept
Stress, Psychological/complications
Stress, Psychological/epidemiology
Stress, Psychological/ethnology
Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders/ethnology
Substance-Related Disorders/etiology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine.
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 56

Choose the citation style.
Schwartz, S. J., Unger, J. B., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Zamboanga, B. L., Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Des Rosiers, S. E., … Szapocznik, J. (2015). Trajectories of cultural stressors and effects on mental health and substance use among Hispanic immigrant adolescents. The Journal Of Adolescent Health : Official Publication Of The Society For Adolescent Medicine. Retrieved from