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Investigating Semantic Competition Between Global Knowledge and Local Context in Real-Time Sentence Processing

Title: Investigating Semantic Competition Between Global Knowledge and Local Context in Real-Time Sentence Processing.
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Inaccessible until Dec 31, 2020 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Yazbec, Angele, author
Kaschak, Michael P., professor co-directing thesis
Borovsky, Arielle, professor co-directing thesis
Kelley, Colleen M., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (65 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Extensive evidence shows that listeners use global knowledge to generate predictions of upcoming sentences themes; however, there is less investigation on how local context that semantically conflicts with long-standing global knowledge is integrated and applied in real-time sentence comprehension. Three studies used the visual world paradigm to study this question. Experiment 1 replicated previous findings that listeners typically rely on global knowledge to anticipate sentence themes. Experiment 2 suggests that adult listeners rapidly increase the weight of combinatorial evidence from local context and decrease the weight of global knowledge to anticipate the appropriate sentence theme. Experiment 3 shows that 5-8 year-old children do not overcome semantic conflict in time to generate predictions of the sentence theme. These results indicate that in the presence of semantic conflict, adult comprehenders rapidly learned to favor local context over global knowledge, but this ability appears to emerge after a child turns 8 years-old.
Identifier: FSU_FA2016_Yazbec_fsu_0071N_13590 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2016.
Date of Defense: November 14, 2016.
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Michael Kaschak, Professor Co-Directing Thesis; Arielle Borovsky, Professor Co-Directing Thesis; Colleen Kelley, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Cognitive psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_FA2016_Yazbec_fsu_0071N_13590
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Yazbec, A. (2016). Investigating Semantic Competition Between Global Knowledge and Local Context in Real-Time Sentence Processing. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_FA2016_Yazbec_fsu_0071N_13590