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Emergency total proctocolectomy in an uninsured patient with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Syndrome and acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in a community hospital

Title: Emergency total proctocolectomy in an uninsured patient with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Syndrome and acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in a community hospital.
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Name(s): Oviedo, Rodolfo J., author
Dixon, Bruce M., author
Sofiak, Chase W., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2016
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: INTRODUCTION: Rectal bleeding is the most common symptom of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). This case investigates the efficacy of emergency surgery for FAP with total proctocolectomy end ileostomy for recurrent lower gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage in an uninsured patient in a 266-bed community hospital. The optimal treatment for FAP with acute lower GI hemorrhage and hemodynamic compromise unresponsive to conservative management is unclear. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 41-year-old uninsured African American man with no past medical or family history presented to the emergency department with hematochezia lasting three days. A clinical diagnosis of FAP made on colonoscopy with biopsies revealed villous and tubulovillous adenomas without dysplasia. After blood products resuscitation, an emergency total proctocolectomy with end ileostomy was performed. A staged ileal J pouch to anal anastomosis and creation of protective loop ileostomy was performed months later after securing state funding. A final loop ileostomy reversal occurred six weeks later. His self reported quality of life is improved. DISCUSSION: Lower GI hemorrhage from FAP unresponsive to blood products may require emergency total proctocolectomy and end ileostomy with a staged ileal J pouch to anal anastomosis, which can be done in a community acute care hospital for an uninsured patient. CONCLUSION: A total proctocolectomy is feasible in the emergency setting in an uninsured patient with lower GI bleeding and FAP. A staged ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis is easier to justify to the hospital compared to a staged completion colectomy with proctectomy. It is essential to monitor the ileo-anal anastomosis with anoscopy. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of IJS Publishing Group Ltd.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000384278500045 (IID), 10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.07.052 (DOI)
Keywords: outcomes, pouch, restorative proctocolectomy, surgery
Publication Note: The publisher’s version of record is available at http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.07.052
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000384278500045
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports.
2210-2612
Issue: vol. 26

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Oviedo, R. J., Dixon, B. M., & Sofiak, C. W. (2016). Emergency total proctocolectomy in an uninsured patient with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Syndrome and acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in a community hospital. International Journal Of Surgery Case Reports. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000384278500045