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Viral recombination blurs taxonomic lines

Title: Viral Recombination Blurs Taxonomic Lines: Examination Of Single-stranded Dna Viruses In A Wastewater Treatment Plant.
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Name(s): Pearson, Victoria M., author
Caudle, S. Brian, author
Rokyta, Darin R., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2016-10-18
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Understanding the structure and dynamics of microbial communities, especially those of economic concern, is of paramount importance to maintaining healthy and efficient microbial communities at agricultural sites and large industrial cultures, including bioprocessors. Wastewater treatment plants are large bioprocessors which receive water from multiple sources, becoming reservoirs for the complex collection of many viral families that infect a broad range of hosts. To examine this collection of viruses, full-length genomes of circular ssDNA viruses were isolated from a wastewater treatment facility using a combination of sucrose-gradient size selection and rolling-circle amplification and sequenced on an Illumina MSeq. Single-stranded DNA viruses are among the least understood groups of microbial pathogens due to genomic biases and culturing difficulties, particularly compared to the larger, more often studied dsDNA viruses. However, the group contains several notable well-studied examples, including agricultural pathogens which infect both livestock and crops (Circoviridae and Geminiviridae), and model organisms for genetics and evolution studies (Microviridae). Examination of the collected viral DNA provided evidence for 83 unique genotypic groupings, which were genetically dissimilar to known viral types and exhibited broad diversity within the community. Furthermore, although these genomes express similarities to known viral families, such as Circoviridae, Geminiviridae, and Microviridae, many are so divergent that they may represent new taxonomic groups. This study demonstrated the efficacy of the protocol for separating bacteria and large viruses from the sought after ssDNA viruses and the ability to use this protocol to obtain an in-depth analysis of the diversity within this group.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000385583100006 (IID), 10.7717/peerj.2585 (DOI)
Keywords: amplification, Circoviridae, diversity, Evolution, feces, Geminiviridae, genomics, High-throughput sequencing, metagenomic analysis, Metagenomics, Microviridae, patterns, sludge, Viral diversity
Publication Note: The publisher’s version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2585
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000385583100006
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Peerj.
2167-8359
Issue: vol. 4

Choose the citation style.
Pearson, V. M., Caudle, S. B., & Rokyta, D. R. (2016). Viral Recombination Blurs Taxonomic Lines: Examination Of Single-stranded Dna Viruses In A Wastewater Treatment Plant. Peerj. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000385583100006