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Randomized Controlled Trial Examining a Brief Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns Intervention for Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms

Title: Randomized Controlled Trial Examining a Brief Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns Intervention for Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms.
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Name(s): Raines, Amanda Medley, author
Schmidt, Norman B., professor directing dissertation
Thyer, Bruce A., university representative
Cougle, Jesse R. (Jesse Ray), 1975-, committee member
Joiner, Thomas, Jr., committee member
Kelley, Colleen M., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (79 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), characterized by recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions, is a disabling psychiatric condition affecting approximately 2-3% of the population. Whereas several first-line treatments have been established (e.g., pharmacological and psychological), a substantial proportion of patients (40-60%) fail to experience symptom remission, underscoring the need for research in this area. One approach to increasing treatment efficacy is to target underlying risk factors or dysfunctions that may in turn improve outcomes. One such risk factor is anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. AS cognitive concerns reflects fears of mental incapacitation (e.g., “It scares me when I am unable to keep my mind on a task”). There is recent evidence that AS cognitive concerns is uniquely associated with various obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptom domains. However, questions remain as to whether reductions in AS cognitive concerns will lead to subsequent reductions in OC symptoms. The purpose of the proposed study was to investigate the efficacy of a brief AS cognitive concerns intervention on reductions in OC symptoms. The sample included 60 individuals with elevated OC symptoms and AS cognitive concerns. Individuals were randomly assigned (parallel, single blind) to a one-session AS cognitive concerns intervention (n = 30) or a health information control condition (n = 30) and assessed post-treatment, at one-week and one-month follow-up. Results indicated that the active intervention produced significantly greater reductions in AS cognitive concerns at one-week follow-up. Moreover, changes in AS cognitive concerns mediated changes in OC symptoms at one-month follow-up. Findings add to a growing body of literature indicating that brief AS interventions can effectively reduce symptoms of AS, and that reductions in AS, particularly the cognitive concerns dimension are associated with symptom improvement for various adverse outcomes including OC symptoms.
Identifier: FSU_2016SU_Raines_fsu_0071E_13028 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2015.
Date of Defense: December 11, 2015.
Keywords: Anxiety, Obsessive-compulsive, Risk factor, Treatment
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Norman B. Schmidt, Professor Directing Dissertation; Bruce Thyer, University Representative; Jesse R. Cougle, Committee Member; Thomas Joiner, Committee Member; Colleen Kelley, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2016SU_Raines_fsu_0071E_13028
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Raines, A. M. (2015). Randomized Controlled Trial Examining a Brief Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns Intervention for Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2016SU_Raines_fsu_0071E_13028