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Exploring dimensionality of effortful control using hot and cool tasks in a sample of preschool children.

Title: Exploring dimensionality of effortful control using hot and cool tasks in a sample of preschool children.
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Name(s): Allan, Nicholas P, author
Lonigan, Christopher J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2014-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Effortful control (EC) is an important developmental construct associated with academic performance, socioemotional growth, and psychopathology. EC, defined as the ability to inhibit or delay a prepotent response typically in favor of a subdominant response, undergoes rapid development during children's preschool years. Research involving EC in preschool children can be aided by ensuring that the measured model of EC matches the latent structure of EC. Extant research indicates that EC may be multidimensional, consisting of hot (affectively salient) and cool (affectively neutral) dimensions. However, there are several untested assumptions regarding the defining features of hot EC. Confirmatory factor analysis was used in a sample of 281 preschool children (Mage=55.92months, SD=4.16; 46.6% male and 53.4% female) to compare a multidimensional model composed of hot and cool EC factors with a unidimensional model. Hot tasks were created by adding affective salience to cool tasks so that hot and cool tasks varied only by this aspect of the tasks. Tasks measuring EC were best described by a single factor and not distinct hot and cool factors, indicating that affective salience alone does not differentiate between hot and cool EC. EC shared gender-invariant associations with academic skills and externalizing behavior problems.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_24518050 (IID), 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.11.013 (DOI), PMC4349403 (PMCID), 24518050 (RID), 24518050 (EID), S0022-0965(13)00250-6 (PII)
Keywords: Academics, Confirmatory factor analysis, Effortful control, Externalizing, Preschool children, Structural equation modeling
Grant Number: HD052120, P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4349403.
Subject(s): Child
Child Behavior/psychology
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Psychological Tests
Psychology, Child
Sex Factors
Temperament
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24518050
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of experimental child psychology.
1096-0457
Issue: vol. 122

Choose the citation style.
Allan, N. P., & Lonigan, C. J. (2014). Exploring dimensionality of effortful control using hot and cool tasks in a sample of preschool children. Journal Of Experimental Child Psychology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_24518050