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Exploration of anxiety sensitivity and distress tolerance as vulnerability factors for hoarding behaviors.

Title: Exploration of anxiety sensitivity and distress tolerance as vulnerability factors for hoarding behaviors.
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Name(s): Timpano, Kiara R, author
Buckner, Julia D, author
Richey, J Anthony, author
Murphy, Dennis L, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2009-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The phenomenon of compulsive hoarding, characterized by the acquisition of and failure to discard a large number of possessions, is increasingly recognized as a significant public health burden. Despite the magnitude of the impairment associated with this condition, empirical research is still in the nascent stages and many facets of the phenomenology, underlying vulnerability and risk factors for hoarding, are as of yet unknown. The overall aim of the current investigation was to examine the association between hoarding behaviors and two potential vulnerability factors-anxiety sensitivity (AS) and distress tolerance (DT). In addition, we investigated the robustness of these associations as well as the interaction between the two hypothesized risk factors. Three studies (total N=745) involving independent nonclinical samples assessed hoarding, AS, DT, and relevant covariates using a range of measures. Resutlts: Findings revealed that AS and hoarding are significantly and robustly associated with one another beyond general depressive, anxiety, and nonhoarding obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Hoarding was also found to be associated with low DT. Consistent with prediction, AS and DT interacted such that DT may play a less important role among individuals with low AS. By contrast, low DT appears to increase vulnerability to hoarding symptoms among individuals high in AS. Results are discussed with regard to future research and treatment implications. Depression and Anxiety, 2009. Published 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_19123454 (IID), 10.1002/da.20469 (DOI), PMC2770430 (PMCID), 19123454 (RID), 19123454 (EID)
Grant Number: F31 DA021457, F31 DA021457-01, F31 DA12457-01, F31 MH080467-01A1, P50 HD052120, R01 MH064734-04A1, R21 MH62056, Z01 MH000336-29
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2770430.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis
Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology
Anxiety Disorders/psychology
Attitude to Health
Bleeding Time
Depression/diagnosis
Depression/psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/psychology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_19123454
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Depression and anxiety.
1520-6394
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 26

Choose the citation style.
Timpano, K. R., Buckner, J. D., Richey, J. A., Murphy, D. L., & Schmidt, N. B. (2009). Exploration of anxiety sensitivity and distress tolerance as vulnerability factors for hoarding behaviors. Depression And Anxiety. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_19123454