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Examining the Role of Social Media in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Title: Examining the Role of Social Media in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury.
Name(s): Ennis, Chelsea R. (Chelsea Rhianon), author
Taylor, Jeanette E., professor directing thesis
Joiner, Thomas, Jr., committee member
Kelley, Colleen M., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (51 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Prevalence rates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; the deliberate destruction of one's own body tissue in the absence of suicidal intent) are quite high among adolescents and young adults, and appear to be increasing. Additionally, NSSI-related content is developing a large presence on mainstream social media websites such as YouTube and Twitter, which could encourage or normalize NSSI. Yet little research has examined the individuals who post and view NSSI content online or what functions this behavior may serve. A sample of 135 individuals age 18-37 who had self-injured in the past two weeks (71 individuals who posted NSSI content online [Posters] and 64 who did not post NSSI content online [Non-posters]) were recruited though social media websites. Results indicated that individuals post NSSI content online to serve two functions: a social motivation function (SM; for the purpose of social attention and manipulation in order to attain reactions or resources from others or their environment), which was predicted to be more commonly reported, and an emotion, expression, and connection function (EEC; to regulate and express emotions or to connect with others socially), which, inconsistent with the hypothesis, was found to be more commonly endorsed. Contrary to expectation, Posters did not have more psychopathology than Non-posters, and the functions of NSSI were similar across groups. Finally, inconsistent with hypotheses, results indicated that the frequency of posting NSSI content online and time spent looking at NSSI content online was not related to the frequency or duration of NSSI. Although NSSI-related social media use was not a maintenance factor among adults, future research should examine NSSI-related social media use among adolescents, who may be more strongly influenced by self-injury content on social media.
Identifier: FSU_2015fall_Ennis_fsu_0071N_12848 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2015.
Date of Defense: October 1, 2015.
Keywords: Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Social Media
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Jeanette Taylor, Professor Directing Thesis; Thomas E. Joiner, Jr., Committee Member; Colleen Kelley, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Ennis, C. R. (C. R. ). (2015). Examining the Role of Social Media in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury. Retrieved from