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Common Genetic and Environmental Influences on Reading, Spelling, and Writing for Older Children and Adolescents

Title: Common Genetic and Environmental Influences on Reading, Spelling, and Writing for Older Children and Adolescents.
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Name(s): Diehm, Emily A. (Emily Anne), author
Wood, Carla, professor directing dissertation
Schatschneider, Christopher, university representative
Catts, Hugh W. (Hugh William), 1949-, committee member
Hart, Sara, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Communication and Information, degree granting college
School of Communication Science and Disorders, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (75 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Narrative writing samples were collected and analyzed for a total sample size of 826 students (413 twin pairs; 159 monozygotic and 524 dizygotic pairs) from the Florida Twin Project on Behavior and Environment (FTP-BE) database who comprise a subset of the Florida Twin Project on Reading (FTP-R). Twins' writing samples were coded using Systematic Analysis of Language Transcript (SALT) conventions to derive measures of syntactic complexity (mean length utterance, clausal density); measures commonly used to assess adolescent writing. Concurrent measures of reading comprehension and spelling were obtained from the Florida Progress Monitoring and Reporting Network (PMRN). Using a behavioral-genetic approach, the common and unique genetic, environmental, and non-shared environmental influences on each variable were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Choleskey decomposition models. Findings suggest that non-shared environmental influences are responsible for much of the variation we see in students' written syntactic complexity, with minimal influence from genes. In contrast, reading comprehension and spelling appear to be highly heritable, with some genetic influences overlapping between the two skills. Shared environmental influences were negligible for all literacy constructs other than reading comprehension. The discussion centers on our need to further understand differential methods of writing assessment, with a focus on the use of traditional elicitation contexts for language sampling within writing, similar to writing expectations on state- and national-level achievement assessments.
Identifier: FSU_2015fall_Diehm_fsu_0071E_12849 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the School of Communication Science and Disorders in partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2015.
Date of Defense: August 6, 2015.
Keywords: quantitative genetics, reading, spelling, syntactic complexity, twins, writing
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Carla Wood, Professor Directing Dissertation; Christopher Schatschneider, University Representative; Hugh Catts, Committee Member; Sara Hart, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Genetics
Language and languages
Education
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Diehm_fsu_0071E_12849
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Diehm, E. A. (E. A. ). (2015). Common Genetic and Environmental Influences on Reading, Spelling, and Writing for Older Children and Adolescents. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Diehm_fsu_0071E_12849