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Effect of Friction on Vehicle Crashworthiness during Rollover

Title: Effect of Friction on Vehicle Crashworthiness during Rollover.
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Name(s): Gleba, Michal, author
Jung, Sungmoon, professor directing thesis
Rambo-Roddenberry, Michelle Deanna, committee member
Spainhour, Lisa, committee member
Wekezer, Jerry W., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Engineering, degree granting college
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (103 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The State of Florida acquires over 300 cutaway buses every year. The increasing popularity of such buses raised concerns about passenger safety and overall crashworthiness of this transportation mode. Dimensions of the cutaway buses and their two-stage manufacturing process made them exempted from safety standards which were developed for smaller passenger cars as well as for large coaches. To fill this gap, cutaway bus manufacturers try to demonstrate the strength of their bus roof structures by using FMVSS 220 standard, which follows conservative quasi-static load tests for school buses in the US. However, more advanced, dynamic based safety standard - Regulation 66, was developed in Europe. It is based on a dynamic rollover test which more closely resembles an actual rollover accident. A cutaway bus is placed on a tilt table 800 mm above a concrete slab. The bus is tilted until it falls and impacts the concrete deck and the deformation of the sidewalls is measured in order to check if there is any intrusion into a so called 'survival space'. This standard was endorsed by 44 countries through the United Nation resolution. However, the Regulation 66 standard does not specify all the parameters regarding the rollover test. From multiple tests it can be observed that the friction between the vehicle and the concrete slab which is being impacted by the bus has an influence on the outcomes of the experiment and has great contribution to either a positive or negative assessment of the crashworthiness of a tested vehicle. This Master thesis focuses on the friction parameters between the impacting cutaway bus and a concrete slab used in the Regulation 66 standard. Due to dynamic nature of the experiment, the impact of the bus exerts a high normal force on the concrete slab. Together with an uneven and non-standard geometry of the elements in contact with the concrete deck the standard coefficient of friction found in the literature or obtained using standard tests may not hold. The proper assessment of this coefficient is important since many rollover tests are carried out numerically using Finite Element Methods. The use of numerical analysis reduces the cost of an expensive full scale rollover test. However, it requires verified and validated parameters in order to consider the results trustworthy. The experimental part of this thesis consists of designing and carrying out experiments to evaluate the coefficient of friction for an impacting cutaway bus and a concrete slab. The results from the experiments are incorporated into an explicit computer code LS-DYNA, which is used for numerical analysis of the cutaway buses. The final outcome of this thesis will be validating the coefficient of friction used in the Finite Element Analysis which will lead to improvement of the Finite Element models and will be used to check the influence of the coefficient of friction on vehicle structure deformation (Deformation Index) during rollover accidents.
Identifier: FSU_2015fall_Gleba_fsu_0071N_12953 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2015.
Date of Defense: November 5, 2015.
Keywords: coefficient of friction, crashworthiness, structure deformation, vehicle rollover
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Sungmoon Jung, Professor Directing Thesis; Michelle Rambo-Roddenberry, Committee Member; Lisa Spainhour, Committee Member; Jerry W. Wekezer, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Gleba_fsu_0071N_12953
Owner Institution: FSU

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Gleba, M. (2015). Effect of Friction on Vehicle Crashworthiness during Rollover. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Gleba_fsu_0071N_12953