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Magnetic Intermetallics Grown from the Rare Earth/Transition Metal Fluxes

Title: Magnetic Intermetallics Grown from the Rare Earth/Transition Metal Fluxes.
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Name(s): Zhou, Sixuan, author
Latturner, Susan, professor directing dissertation
Locke, Bruce R., university representative
Shatruk, Mykhailo, committee member
Stiegman, Albert E., 1953-, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (103 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Abstract Metal eutectic fluxes are useful for exploratory synthesis of rare earth intermetallics. In this work, the use of rare earth/transition metal eutectics such as: Nd/Co, Pr/Co, Ce/Co, Nd/Ni and Sm/Ni have yielded many structually and magnetically complex phases, which also help us to to gain better understanding of reactivity trends of various elements in the flux. The intermetallic compounds R₂Co₂SiC (R = Pr, Nd) were prepared from the reaction of silicon and carbon in either Pr/Co or Nd/Co eutectic flux. These phases crystallize with a new structure type in orthorhombic space group Immm, with unit cell parameters a = 3.978(4) Å, b = 6.094(5) Å, c = 8.903(8) Å (Z = 2; R₁ = 0.0302) for Nd₂Co₂SiC. Silicon, cobalt, and carbon atoms are connected with each other to build up two-dimensional flat sheets which are separated by puckered layers of rare-earth cations. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that the rare earth cations in both analogs order ferromagnetically at low temperature (TC = 10 K for both). Single crystal neutron diffraction data for Nd₂Co₂SiC indicates this ordering occurs in two steps. Crystals of two new germanide intermetallic compounds were grown from Nd/Co or Pr/Co eutectic flux. The crystal structure of Nd₈Co[subscript 4-x]Al[subscript x]Ge₂C₃ (Pbcm, a=8.00Å, b=11.71Å,c=15.07Å; Z=4, R₁=0.0261) features germanium centered neodymium clusters Ge@Nd₉ capped with Co and C atoms which form infinite zigzag chains. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate the Nd ions order at 50K. Magnetic anisotropy studies show the Nd[superscript 3+] magnetic moments tend to align ferrimagnetically along the c axis. The phase RE₆Co₅Ge[subscript 1+x]Al[subscript 3-x] (RE=Pr, Nd) crystallizes with the Nd₆Co₅Ge[subscript 2.2] structure type in hexagonal space group P-6m2 (a = 9.203(2)Å, c = 4.202(1) Å, R1 = 0.0109 for Pr₆Co₅Ge[subscript 1.80]Al[subscript 2.20]; and a = 9.170(3) Å, c = 4.195(1) Å, R1 = 0.0129 for Nd₆Co₅Ge[subscript 1.74]Al[subscript 2.26]), featuring chains of face-sharing Ge@RE₉ clusters intersecting hexagonal cobalt nets linked by aluminum atoms. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that both phases exhibit ferromagnetic ordering of the cobalt layers with TC in the range of 130-140K, and the rare earth ions order at low temperature (30-40K). The magnetic measurements on oriented crystals of Nd₆Co₅Ge[subscript 1.74]Al[subscript 2.26] show a strong preference of the Co moments to order along the c-axis. A cerium cobalt borocarbide compound, Ce₁₀Co[subscript 2.75]B[subscript 11.5]C₁₀(triclinic, P-1, a = 8.5131(5)Å, b = 8.5144(5)Å, c = 13.5709(7)Å, ɑ = 100.870(1)°, β = 93.677(1)°, ɣ = 90.041(1)°, Z = 2, R₁ = 0.0293) was grown as large crystals from reactions of boron and carbon in cerium/cobalt eutectic melts. The structure of the cerium-rich product features Co₄ squares capped by borocarbide chains. Magnetic studies show a ferromagnetic transition at 10 K and also indicate fluctuating cerium valence.
Identifier: FSU_2015fall_Zhou_fsu_0071E_12884 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2015.
Date of Defense: November 4, 2015.
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Susan Latturner, Professor Directing Dissertation; Bruce Locke, University Representative; Michael Shatruk, Committee Member; Albert Stiegman, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Chemistry
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Zhou_fsu_0071E_12884
Owner Institution: FSU

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Zhou, S. (2015). Magnetic Intermetallics Grown from the Rare Earth/Transition Metal Fluxes. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2015fall_Zhou_fsu_0071E_12884