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Spatial Distance, Community Disadvantage, and Racial and Ethnic Variation in Prison Inmate Access to Social Ties

Title: Spatial Distance, Community Disadvantage, and Racial and Ethnic Variation in Prison Inmate Access to Social Ties.
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Name(s): Cochran, Joshua C., author
Mears, Daniel P., author
Bales, William D., author
Stewart, Eric A., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2016-01-26
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Objectives: This article examines the impact of distal prison placements on inmate social ties. Specifically, we test whether distance adversely affects inmates by reducing their access to family and friends and then test whether the effects are amplified for minorities and inmates who come from socially disadvantaged areas. Methods: These questions are assessed using a sample of inmates that includes all convicted felony offenders admitted to a single state’s prison system over a three-year period. Results: We find that inmates vary greatly in the distance from which they are placed from home and that Latinos are placed more distally than Blacks and Whites. We also find that distance and community disadvantage adversely affect the likelihood of inmate visitation. Although the adverse effect of distance appears to be similar across racial and ethnic groups, a difference exists among Blacks—for this group, high levels of community disadvantage amplify the adverse effects of distance. Conclusions: This study identifies an important dimension along which incarceration may adversely impact inmates, their families, and the communities from which they come, and how these effects may be patterned in ways that disproportionately affect minorities and prisoners from disadvantaged areas.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459517786 (IID), 10.1177/0022427815592675 (DOI)
Keywords: incarceration, spatial distance, social ties, race, ethnicity, disadvantage
Publication Note: Version of Record can be found at http://jrc.sagepub.com/content/53/2/220.abstract
Preferred Citation: Cochran, Joshua C., Daniel P. Mears, William D. Bales, and Eric A. Stewart. 2016. “Spatial Distance, Community Disadvantage, and Racial and Ethnic Variation in Prison Inmate Access to Social Ties.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 53(2):220-254.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459517786
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.
Issue: iss. 2, vol. 53

Choose the citation style.
Cochran, J. C., Mears, D. P., Bales, W. D., & Stewart, E. A. (2016). Spatial Distance, Community Disadvantage, and Racial and Ethnic Variation in Prison Inmate Access to Social Ties. Journal Of Research In Crime And Delinquency. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459517786