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Comprehension Tools for Teachers

Title: Comprehension Tools for Teachers: Reading for Understanding from Pre-Kindergarten through Fourth Grade.
Name(s): Connor, Carol McDonald, author
Phillips, Beth M., author
Kaschak, Michael, author
Apel, Kenn, author
Kim, Young-Suk, author
Al Otaiba, Stephanie Dent, author
Crowe, Elizabeth C., author
Thomas-Tate, Shurita, author
Johnson, Lakeisha Cooper, author
Lonigan, Christopher J., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2014-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This paper describes the theoretical framework, as well as the development and testing of the intervention, Comprehension Tools for Teachers (CTT), which is comprised of eight component interventions targeting malleable language and reading comprehension skills that emerging research indicates contribute to proficient reading for understanding for pre-kindergarteners through fourth graders. Component interventions target processes considered largely automatic as well as more reflective processes, with interacting and reciprocal effects. Specifically, we present component interventions targeting cognitive, linguistic, and text-specific processes including morphological awareness, syntax, mental state verbs, comprehension monitoring, narrative and expository text structure, enacted comprehension, academic knowledge, and reading to learn from informational text. Our aim was to develop a tool set comprised of intensive meaningful individualized small group interventions. We improved feasibility in regular classrooms through the use of design-based iterative research methods including careful lesson planning, targeted scripting, pre- and post-intervention proximal assessments, and technology. In addition to the overall framework, we discuss seven of the component interventions and general results of design and efficacy studies.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1453824608 (IID)
Keywords: Reading comprehension, Elementary school, Preschool, Literacy, Instruction, Intervention, Tier 2, Small group intervention, Academic language, Oral language, Children, Students, Early childhood, Middle childhood
Preferred Citation: Connor, C. M., Phillips, B. M., Kaschak, M., Apel, K., Kim, Y.-S., Al Otaiba, S., Crowe, E. C., Thomas-Tate, S., Johnson, L. K., & Lonigan, C. J. (2014). Comprehension tools for teachers: Reading for understanding from pre-kindergarten through fourth grade. Educational Psychology Review, 26, 379-401.
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Educational Psychology Review.
Issue: vol. 26

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Connor, C. M. D., Phillips, B. M., Kaschak, M., Apel, K., Kim, Y. -S., Al Otaiba, S. D., … Lonigan, C. J. (2014). Comprehension Tools for Teachers: Reading for Understanding from Pre-Kindergarten through Fourth Grade. Educational Psychology Review. Retrieved from