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Phase Equilibria of Fe-C Binary Alloys in a Magnetic Field

Title: Phase Equilibria of Fe-C Binary Alloys in a Magnetic Field.
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Name(s): England, Roger Dale, author
Kalu, Peter N., professor directing dissertation
Okoli, Okenwa, university representative
Shih, Chiang, committee member
Oates, William S., committee member
Ludtka, Gerard, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Engineering, degree granting college
Department of Mechanical Engineering, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (73 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The deployment of high flux magnetic processing in industry requires the ability to model the expected results of a proposed processing, and the current assumptions in the literature did not reflect the actual outcome in measurements of ductile iron. Simple binary iron-carbon alloys of less than one weight percent carbon were thermo-magnetically processed and then compared with Gibbs free energy phase transformation predictions. The data was used to quantify the change in the Gibbs free energy associated with the addition of a static high flux magnetic field, which is complicated by the change in magnetic response as the iron carbon alloys pass through the Curie point. A current common practice is to modify Gibbs free energy by -12J per mole per Tesla applied, as has been reported in the literature. This current prediction practice was employed in initial experiments for this work and the experimental data did not agree with these predicted values. This work suggests two specific influences that affect the model, chemistry and magnetic dipole changes. First, that the influence of alloying elements in the original chemistry, as the samples in the literature were a manganese alloy with 0.45 weight percent carbon, as well as not being precisely controlled for tramp elements that commonly occur in recycled material, created a change that was not predicted and therefore the temperatures were incorrect. Also, the phase transformation in a high flux magnetic field was measured to have a different response under warming versus cooling than the normal hysteresis under ambient magnetism. The change in Gibbs free energy for the binary alloys was calculated as -3J per mole per Tesla in warming, and -8J per mole per tesla in cooling. The change from these values to the -12J per mole per Tesla previously reported is attributed to the change in chemistry. This work attributes the published increase in physical properties to the Hall-Petch relation as a result of the finer product phase nucleation created by the addition of a high flux magnetic field. Additionally, a pure iron sample was analyzed and found to be unique, in that the transformation temperature decreased with the application of a static magnetic field, opposite to what occurs in the iron carbon alloys. While the presence of a two-phase field is a viable cause due to the chromium impurity content in the sample creating a dilute binary alloy versus a pure element, this effect could also be attributed to the high magnetic field increasing the number of state variables present.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9170-P (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: September 11, 2014.
Keywords: Heat Treatment, High Flux, Magnetic Field, Phase Transformation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Peter N. Kalu, Professor Directing Dissertation; Okenwa Okoli, University Representative; Chiang Shih, Committee Member; William Oates, Committee Member; Gerard Ludtka, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Mechanical engineering
Industrial engineering
Materials science
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9170-P
Owner Institution: FSU

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England, R. D. (2014). Phase Equilibria of Fe-C Binary Alloys in a Magnetic Field. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9170-P

Title: Phase Equilibria of Fe-C Binary Alloys in a Magnetic Field.
Name(s): England, Roger Dale, author
Kalu, Peter N., professor directing dissertation
Okoli, Okenwa, university representative
Shih, Chiang, committee member
Oates, William S., committee member
Ludtka, Gerard, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Engineering, degree granting college
Department of Mechanical Engineering, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (73 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The deployment of high flux magnetic processing in industry requires the ability to model the expected results of a proposed processing, and the current assumptions in the literature did not reflect the actual outcome in measurements of ductile iron. Simple binary iron-carbon alloys of less than one weight percent carbon were thermo-magnetically processed and then compared with Gibbs free energy phase transformation predictions. The data was used to quantify the change in the Gibbs free energy associated with the addition of a static high flux magnetic field, which is complicated by the change in magnetic response as the iron carbon alloys pass through the Curie point. A current common practice is to modify Gibbs free energy by -12J per mole per Tesla applied, as has been reported in the literature. This current prediction practice was employed in initial experiments for this work and the experimental data did not agree with these predicted values. This work suggests two specific influences that affect the model, chemistry and magnetic dipole changes. First, that the influence of alloying elements in the original chemistry, as the samples in the literature were a manganese alloy with 0.45 weight percent carbon, as well as not being precisely controlled for tramp elements that commonly occur in recycled material, created a change that was not predicted and therefore the temperatures were incorrect. Also, the phase transformation in a high flux magnetic field was measured to have a different response under warming versus cooling than the normal hysteresis under ambient magnetism. The change in Gibbs free energy for the binary alloys was calculated as -3J per mole per Tesla in warming, and -8J per mole per tesla in cooling. The change from these values to the -12J per mole per Tesla previously reported is attributed to the change in chemistry. This work attributes the published increase in physical properties to the Hall-Petch relation as a result of the finer product phase nucleation created by the addition of a high flux magnetic field. Additionally, a pure iron sample was analyzed and found to be unique, in that the transformation temperature decreased with the application of a static magnetic field, opposite to what occurs in the iron carbon alloys. While the presence of a two-phase field is a viable cause due to the chromium impurity content in the sample creating a dilute binary alloy versus a pure element, this effect could also be attributed to the high magnetic field increasing the number of state variables present.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9170 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: September 11, 2014.
Keywords: Heat Treatment, High Flux, Magnetic Field, Phase Transformation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Peter N. Kalu, Professor Directing Dissertation; Okenwa Okoli, University Representative; Chiang Shih, Committee Member; William Oates, Committee Member; Gerard Ludtka, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Mechanical engineering
Industrial engineering
Materials science
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9170
Owner Institution: FSU