You are here

Receptor Basis of Estradiol's Anorexigenic Effect

Title: The Receptor Basis of Estradiol's Anorexigenic Effect.
32 views
8 downloads
Name(s): Ogden, Sean B., author
Eckel, Lisa A., professor directing thesis
Williams, Diana L., committee member
Joiner, Thomas E., committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: It is well established that the ovarian hormone estradiol exerts its diverse actions primarily via the two classic estrogen receptors (ERs), ERα and ERβ. While available data suggest that ERα plays an important role (14, 15, 17, 21), the time course over which selective activation of ERα inhibits food intake differs from that observed following similar administration of a non-selective ER agonist (estradiol benzoate) and thus requires further study. At present, the contribution of ERβ to the estrogenic control of food intake remains equivocal. Thus, the goals of the current research were to investigate the time course over which selective activation of ERα decreases food intake in ovariectomized rats and whether ERβ is sufficient or necessary for estradiol's anorexigenic effect. Experiment 1 revealed that acute administration of the ERα agonist PPT produced a rapid, dose-dependent decrease in food intake that was detected within 2 h and persisted for up to 21-h. In contrast, acute administration of a range of doses of the ERβ agonist DPN failed to influence food intake. Experiment 2 revealed that DPN failed to modulate PPT's anorexigenic effect. Experiment 3 revealed that the anorexigenic effect of estradiol benzoate (EB) was not attenuated by co-administration of the ERβ antagonist PHTPP. Experiment 4 revealed that the ERβ agonist DPN reliably decreased anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus maze and that this action of DPN was attenuated by co-administration of the ERβ antagonist PHTPP. These positive findings confirm the involvement of ERβ in mediating estradiol's anxiolytic effect and provide critical evidence that the same dose of these compounds that failed to alter food intake in our feeding tests effectively targeted (activated or blocked) ERβ. Taken together, these data demonstrate that PPT exerts a rapid anorexigenic effect that appears to occur with minimal or no delay. Because this time course appears to preclude the involvement of nuclear ERs, which function to alter gene transcription following a long (12-24 h) latency, PPTs rapid anorexigenic effect suggests the involvement of membrane ERα signaling events. Additionally, our data provide compelling evidence that ERβ is neither sufficient nor necessary for estradiol's anorexigenic effect. The null findings associated with DPN and PHTPP are not likely due to insufficient targeting of ERβ as both drugs altered anxiety-like behavior, suggesting that appropriate doses were used to probe ERβ's involvement in the estrogenic control of food intake.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9061 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: July 11, 2014.
Keywords: Anorexigenic, Estradiol, Estrogen Receptor, Food Intake, Pharmacology, PPT
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Lisa A. Eckel, Professor Directing Thesis; Diana L. Williams, Committee Member; Thomas E. Joiner, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Neurosciences
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9061
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Ogden, S. B. (2014). The Receptor Basis of Estradiol's Anorexigenic Effect. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9061