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Does Gender Role Moderate the Relationship Between Empathy and Psychopathy?

Title: Does Gender Role Moderate the Relationship Between Empathy and Psychopathy?.
Name(s): Gummelt, Haley, author
Carbonell, Joyce, professor directing dissertation
Gertz, Marc, university representative
Patrick, Chris, committee member
Schatschneider, Chris, committee member
Cougle, Jesse, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Psychopathic individuals are distinct from non-psychopathic individuals in affective, interpersonal, and behavioral domains. A hallmark characteristic of psychopathic individuals is lack of empathy. Gender differences have been identified with regards to psychopathy and empathy. The current study examined two factors of empathy, Cognitive and Affective Empathy, and employed a triarchic model of psychopathy, which included boldness, meanness, and disinhibition as the three factors (Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009). The current study examined whether gender and/or gender roles moderated the relationship between the empathy and psychopathy factors. It was expected that gender roles, rather than gender alone, would moderate the relationship between empathy and psychopathy, such that masculine individuals would be deficient in empathy and endorse more psychopathic characteristics, whereas feminine individuals were expected to have more empathy and endorse fewer psychopathic characteristics. As expected, in the current study, females demonstrated higher levels of femininity, as well as empathy and cooperation, whereas males demonstrated higher levels of psychopathy (specifically boldness and meanness) and the propensity to look out only for their best interests and not cooperate with others. Further, masculine individuals demonstrated higher levels of boldness and meanness. Results from an Exploratory Factor Analysis, Canonical Correlation, and Hierarchical Regression indicated that affective empathy factors, rather than cognitive empathy factors, demonstrated the strongest negative relationship with boldness and meanness. Disinhibition demonstrated no relationship with either affective or cognitive empathy factors. Implications of these results are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-8995 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: February 24, 2014.
Keywords: Affective Empahy, Cognitive Empathy, Empathy Differences, Gender Roles, Triarchic Model of Psychopathy
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Joyce Carbonell, Professor Directing Dissertation; Marc Gertz, University Representative; Chris Patrick, Committee Member; Chris Schatschneider, Committee Member; Jesse Cougle, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Gummelt, H. (2014). Does Gender Role Moderate the Relationship Between Empathy and Psychopathy? Retrieved from