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Improving the Detection of Feigned Factual Knowledge Deficits in Defendants Adjudicated Incompetent to Proceed

Title: Improving the Detection of Feigned Factual Knowledge Deficits in Defendants Adjudicated Incompetent to Proceed.
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Name(s): Gottfried, Emily D., author
Carbonell, Joyce, professor directing dissertation
Hightower, Patricia Warren, university representative
Cougle, Jesse, committee member
Patrick, Christopher, committee member
Plant, E. Ashby, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Twenty to 30% of defendants undergoing criminal forensic evaluations have been reported to be malingering. Given that the most common type of criminal forensic evaluation is the assessment of competency to stand trial, the assessment of malingering during competency evaluations is very important. Most malingering literature focuses on psychiatric malingering (i.e. feigned psychosis), although in assessment of competency, the larger issue involves feigned deficits in factual or legal knowledge. The relationship between intelligence and performance on malingering tests is also important because individuals with intellectual deficits may be incorrectly identified as malingering on these tests. The current study used a sample of state psychiatric hospital residents who had been adjudicated incompetent to proceed to trial and several groups of students instructed to simulate malingering or incompetence. It was hypothesized that adding an additional administration of the Inventory of Legal Knowledge (ILK) would improve the identification of individuals motivated to feign factual knowledge deficits. The results of this hypothesis were supported in the student simulation sample but not in the hospital sample. Further analyses attempted to identify an optimal cut-score on the ILK due to a recent critique on its psychometric properties and the results of these analyses differed by sample and by the independent criterion variables used to identify individuals malingering. Finally, the current study examined the relationship between intelligence and performance on the ILK and indicated two items on the ILK which were correlated with intelligence. Future directions and implications of this study are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-8992 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: June 18, 2013.
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Joyce Carbonell, Professor Directing Dissertation; Patricia Warren Hightower, University Representative; Jesse Cougle, Committee Member; Christopher Patrick, Committee Member; E. Ashby Plant, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Neurosciences
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-8992
Owner Institution: FSU

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Gottfried, E. D. (2014). Improving the Detection of Feigned Factual Knowledge Deficits in Defendants Adjudicated Incompetent to Proceed. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-8992