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Dielectric and Mechanical Properties of PMMA/BTA Nanocomposites for HTS Applications

Title: Dielectric and Mechanical Properties of PMMA/BTA Nanocomposites for HTS Applications.
Name(s): Ingrole, Aniket, author
Liang, Zhiyong Richard, professor directing thesis
Rodrigo, Horatio, committee member
Okoli, Okenwa, committee member
Zhang, Mei, committee member
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2010
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: To prepare dielectric materials for High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) cables, nanocomposites consisting of Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and Barium Titanate (BTA) nanoparticles have been manufactured and evaluated. The main objective of this research is to enhance the dielectric breakdown strength and reduce the dielectric losses of the nanocomposites. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) with the addition of BTA (5wt.% and 10wt.% ) nanocomposites were fabricated by using two different methods. The breakdown voltage measurements have been conducted under AC, DC and lightning impulse high voltage. The measurements were conducted at both room temperature (293 K) and liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K). The results of the electrical breakdown field measurements of the nanocomposites are compared with those of the base polymer. Fracture surface analysis was carried out with SEM analysis. The difference in the breakdown area due to different modes of voltages applied and effect of the nanoparticles was studied. Mechanical characterization of the resultant nanocomposites was also carried out at both the room temperature (293K) and at cryogenic temperature (77K). The effects of nanoparticles on the electrical and mechanical properties were observed. A marginal increase in the dielectric strength of the nanocomposites was observed for AC conditions at both the temperatures. There was a decrease in the values of nanocomposites for impulse conditions. At cryogenic temperature nanocomposites showed higher dielectric strength when DC voltage was applied. For both the temperatures, dielectric losses increased as the voltage was increased for all the materials studied, except for PMMA/10wt.%BTA nanocomposites at cryogenic temperature, which showed decrease of losses by ~ 70%. An increase of ~12% in Young's modulus and ~ 65% increase in tensile strength of the nanocomposites were observed at cryogenic temperature. It also shows that more material damage was observed under AC breakdown voltage compared to the impulse and DC voltage breakdown cases. Also the material damage was more pronounced at 77 K than that at 293 K.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-3865 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2010.
Date of Defense: July 6, 2010.
Keywords: Tan Delta Losses, Impulse Breakdown, DC Breakdown, AC Breakdown, Barium Titanate, Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), Cryogenic Insulation, High Temperature Superconductors (HTS), Nanodielectrics, Mechanical Breakdown, Surface Fracture Analysis, Weibull Plots
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Zhiyong Richard Liang, Professor Directing Thesis; Horatio Rodrigo, Committee Member; Okenwa Okoli, Committee Member; Mei Zhang, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Manufacturing processes
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Ingrole, A. (2010). Dielectric and Mechanical Properties of PMMA/BTA Nanocomposites for HTS Applications. Retrieved from