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Characterizing Multi-Decadal Temperature Variability in the Southeastern United States

Title: Characterizing Multi-Decadal Temperature Variability in the Southeastern United States.
Name(s): Williams, Marcus De'Andre, author
Bourassa, Mark. A., professor directing thesis
Chassignet, Eric P., professor directing thesis
Sura, Philip, committee member
Zierden, David F., committee member
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2010
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Prior studies of the long-term temperature record in the Southeastern United States (SE US) mostly discuss the long-term cooling trend, and the inter-annual variability produced by the region's strong ties to El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). An examination of long-term temperature records in the SE US show clear multi-decadal variations in temperature, with relative warm periods in the 1920's through the mid 1950's and a cool period in the late 1950's through the late 1990's. This substantial shift in multi-decadal variability is not well understood and has not been fully investigated. It appears to account for the long-term downward trend in temperatures. An accurate characterization of this variability could lead to improved interannual and long-term forecasts, which would be useful for agricultural planning, drought mitigation, water management, and preparation for extreme temperature events. Statistical methods are employed to determine the spatial coherence of the observed variability on seasonal time scales. The goal of this study is to characterize the nature of this variability through the analysis of National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Program (COOP) station data in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina. One finding is a shift in the temperature Probability Distribution Function (PDF) between warm regimes and cool regimes.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0945 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2010.
Date of Defense: July 2, 2010.
Keywords: Meteorology, Climate Variability, Climate, Warm Regime, Cold Regime
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Mark. A. Bourassa, Professor Directing Thesis; Eric P. Chassignet, Professor Directing Thesis; Philip Sura, Committee Member; David F. Zierden, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Oceanography
Atmospheric sciences
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Williams, M. D. 'A. (2010). Characterizing Multi-Decadal Temperature Variability in the Southeastern United States. Retrieved from