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Development of the Gas Push Pull Test for Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation

Title: Development of the Gas Push Pull Test for Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation.
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Name(s): Lawson, Jacob Brinton, author
Abichou, Tarek, professor directing thesis
Chanton, Jeffery, committee member
Clark, Clayton, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: ABSTRACT A limited number of studies using various types of cover materials to attenuate H2S emissions have been performed both at the laboratory and field scales. These results have demonstrated that H2S emissions can be effectively reduced using compost, fine concrete, and lime-amended sandy soils as cover materials using several mechanisms (Plaza et al. 2007, Xu, 2005, Sungthong 2010). These mechanisms are: (1) Hydrogen sulfide is consumed by bacteria found in soil that oxidizes hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate, (2) Clay or organic matter in soils may also sorb hydrogen sulfide (soil microorganisms are not involved in the sorption process), and (3) H2S may be oxidized by reaction with soil minerals, particularly ferric iron. Such mechanisms are well understood from the significant amount of research performed on H2S gas removal using biofiltration. Additionally, under aerobic landfill cover conditions, considerable research has been performed using microbiological methane oxidation to mitigate methane emissions from municipal solid waste. One of the main issues regarding the implementation of approaches for the reduction of H2S emissions from landfills is the lack of a proper technique to assess the level of H2S oxidation and reaction under field conditions. Developing such a technique would allow the determination of H2S oxidation capacity of different cover materials and different cover designs under different climatic conditions. One possible technique that could be employed is the Gas Push Pull Test (GPPT). The general aim of this thesis is to develop the GPPT method for a reactive gas like H2S, which has not been done before. GPPT is a single well gas-tracer test in which inert gases are used as non-reactive tracers for the reactive gas (methane) or in this case, H2S. During the test, a mixture of tracer and reactive gases is injected (pushed) into the soil. During a transition phase, the soil "air" mixes with the injected gases where it is available to microorganisms or minerals. The mixture of soil "air" and injected gas is then extracted (pulled) from the same location. The quantification of oxidation is then based on the analysis of the breakthrough curves (relative concentrations) of the reactive and the tracer gases. It is expected that the tracer concentrations at the injection/extraction points decrease as a result of physical transport processes, whereas the attenuation of the reactive gas is a result of physical transport processes, chemical oxidation, and microbial (and others) activities. A lab study was completed to assess the reactivity of H2S by different soil types typically used in landfill cover construction. The reactivity of H2S was characterized by zeroth-order kinetics as well as correlating the reactivity to water and iron content of the soil materials. The lab study only investigated physical and chemical processes that attenuate H2S. In addition to the laboratory study, a field study was completed to develop proper methods in performing a (GPPT) to measure the capacity of soil materials to oxidize H2S. The objectives were to experimentally compare transport of the reactant gas H2S and tracer gases during GPPTs as a function of varying injection/extraction flow rates in a porous medium and in the absence of microbial activity. Additionally, the relative importance of molecular diffusion, advection, and transfer into the water phase of H2S during GPPTs was also evaluated as well as developing a correction ratio that would allow the use of tracers with dissimilar molecular weights.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-7878 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2013.
Date of Defense: June 28, 2013.
Keywords: Gas Push Pull Test, Hydrogen Sulfide, Landfill Gas, Landfills, Oxidation, Zero Order Kinetics
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Tarek Abichou, Professor Directing Thesis; Jeffery Chanton, Committee Member; Clayton Clark, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-7878
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Lawson, J. B. (2013). Development of the Gas Push Pull Test for Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-7878