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Exploring the Impact of a Career Development Intervention on the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Goal Instability of First Generation College Students, Given Perceived Barriers

Title: Exploring the Impact of a Career Development Intervention on the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Goal Instability of First Generation College Students, Given Perceived Barriers.
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Name(s): Joslyn, Brittany Melvin, author
Lenz, Janet G., professor directing dissertation
Perrewé, Pamela L., university representative
Sampson, James P., committee member
Osborn, Debra S., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Education, degree granting college
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (173 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Each year, the college student population becomes more diverse (National Center for Education Statistics, 2013), yet the career development field does not have a full understanding of how client factors, such as ethnicity, affect intervention outcomes (Whiston & Rahardja, 2008). This study focused on the career development of first generation college students, a traditionally more diverse subset of the university population who tend to struggle with the career decision–making process more than their counterparts (Chen & Carroll, 2005; Hartley, 2009). The study's aim was to determine whether completion of an online self–exploration intervention, the Self–Directed Search (SDS) Form R Internet version (Holland, Reardon, Latshaw, Rarick, & Schneider, 1999), would increase career decision–making self–efficacy and decrease goal instability levels in 100 first generation college students using a true experimental design. Additionally, this study considered whether initial perceived barriers would impact the intervention's effectiveness. Goal instability was measured using the Goal Instability Scale (GIS; Robbins & Patton, 1985), career decision–making self–efficacy was measured using the Career Decision–Making Self–Efficacy Scale—Short Form (CDMSE–SF; Betz, Klein, & Taylor, 1996), and perceived barriers were measured using the Perception of Barriers Scale (POB; Luzzo & McWhirter, 2001). A two–way MANOVA omnibus test was used to determine whether the intervention impacted career decision–making self–efficacy or goal instability levels, given initial perceived barriers. After completing the intervention, the treatment group showed no statistically significant differences in goal instability or career decision–making self–efficacy, given perceived barriers levels, when compared to the control group. However, both groups showed a statistically significant increase in goal instability and statistically significant decrease in career decision–making self–efficacy. Because the entire sample showed this change, the change cannot be attributed to the intervention, but rather an external, unknown factor. Possible explanations for this outcome are discussed in detail. Finally, in an exploratory analysis, career decision state showed a significant positive relationship with perceived barriers, meaning that individuals less certain about their career decision had higher levels of perceived barriers. The correlational analysis also revealed a positive relationship between career decision–making self–efficacy gain score and goal instability gain score. This relationship implies that as career decision–making self–efficacy increases, goal instability decreases, and vice versa.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9652 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2015.
Date of Defense: June 12, 2014.
Keywords: career, career decision-making self-efficacy, career development, first generation college students, goal instabiity, self-directed search
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Janet G. Lenz, Professor Directing Dissertation; Pamela L. Perrewé, University Representative; James P. Sampson, Jr., Committee Member; Debra Osborn, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Counseling psychology
Industrial psychiatry
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9652
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Joslyn, B. M. (2015). Exploring the Impact of a Career Development Intervention on the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Goal Instability of First Generation College Students, Given Perceived Barriers. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-9652