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African American and Latino Student Enrollment Trends Following the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007

Title: African American and Latino Student Enrollment Trends Following the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007.
Name(s): Snead, John T., author
Jones, Tamara Bertrand, professor directing dissertation
Berry, William Dale, university representative
Tandberg, David A., committee member
Perez-Felkner, Lara, committee member
Park, Toby J., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Education, degree granting college
Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (130 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: According to the 2010 census, the number of African Americans rose from 34.7 million in 2000 to 38.9 million in 2010; this represented a 12% increase in ten years. Similarly during the same time period, Latinos accounted for more than 50 percent of the nation's total population growth (Flores & Oseguera, 2011; U. S. Census Bureau, 2010; U. S. Census Bureau, 2010). Yet, both groups remain underrepresented in higher education. A major determinant of college participation for underrepresented racial minorities is the availability of funding. While individual states and institutions provide financial resources, via various measures, the federal government provides a substantial amount of need based funding in the form of Pell Grants. The College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 (CCRAA) mandates yearly increases to Pell Grant starting in 2008 and continuing until 2017. The main purpose of CCRAA is to reduce college costs and increase access. However, there is no preliminary evidence that this was accomplished for students once CCRAA was enacted, particularly those who are underrepresented and depend most on Pell Grant funding. With this in mind, the purpose of this study is to investigate the enrollment patterns of African American and Latino students after the enactment of the CCRAA. Multiple regression and fixed effects models were used to examine the enrollment of both minority groups using an institutional level analysis of four-year, degree granting postsecondary institutions. Findings from this study provided a first glimpse into the effectiveness of CCRAA in increasing first-time full time enrollment. Pell Grant increases were found to have a positive effect on Latino student enrollment at four-year institutions, both public and private. These findings have implications, particularly for policy makers and potential students, but also for higher education research.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9249 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: July 28, 2014.
Keywords: African American, College Costs Reduction and Access Act of 2007, enrollment, financial aid policy, Latino, underrepresented populations
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Tamara Bertrand Jones, Professor Directing Dissertation; David Tandberg, Committee Member; Lara Perez-Felkner, Committee Member; Toby Park, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Education, Higher
Education and state
Public policy
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Snead, J. T. (2014). African American and Latino Student Enrollment Trends Following the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007. Retrieved from