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Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD

Title: Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD.
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Name(s): Kofler, Michael, author
Rapport, Mark, author
Bolden, Jennifer, author
Sarver, Dustin, author
Raiker, Joseph, author
Alderson, R., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2011
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Social problems are a prevalent feature of ADHD and reflect a major source of functional impairment for these children. The current study examined the impact of working memory deficits on parent- and teacher-reported social problems in a sample of children with ADHD and typically developing boys (N=39). Bootstrapped, bias-corrected mediation analyses revealed that the impact of working memory deficits on social problems is primarily indirect. That is, impaired social interactions in children with ADHD reflect, to a significant extent, the behavioral outcome of being unable to maintain a focus of attention on information within working memory while simultaneously dividing attention among multiple, on-going events and social cues occurring within the environment. Central executive deficits impacted social problems through both inattentive and impulsive-hyperactive symptoms, whereas the subsidiary phonological and visuospatial storage/rehearsal systems demonstrated a more limited yet distinct relationship with children's social problems.
Identifier: FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0021 (IID), 10.1007/s10802-011-9492-8 (DOI)
Keywords: Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Child, Executive Function, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Memory Disorders, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Social Behavior
Uncontrolled subjects: Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Child, Executive Function, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Memory Disorders, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Social Behavior
Note: This is the authors accepted manuscript of a journal article published by Springer. Version as published available'>http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10802-011-9492-8">available here.
Citation: Kofler, M. J., Rapport, M. D., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., Raiker, J. S., & Alderson, R. M. (2011). Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 39(6), 805-817.
Subject(s): Psychology
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9492-8
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0021
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Psychology Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
Issue: 6, 39

Choose the citation style.
Kofler, M., Rapport, M., Bolden, J., Sarver, D., Raiker, J., & Alderson, R. (2011). Working memory deficits and social problems in children with ADHD. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9492-8