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ADHD and working memory

Title: ADHD and working memory: the impact of central executive deficits and exceeding storage/rehearsal capacity on observed inattentive behavior.
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Name(s): Kofler, Michael, author
Rapport, Mark, author
Bolden, Jennifer, author
Sarver, Dustin, author
Raiker, Joseph, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2010
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Inattentive behavior is considered a core and pervasive feature of ADHD; however, an alternative model challenges this premise and hypothesizes a functional relationship between working memory deficits and inattentive behavior. The current study investigated whether inattentive behavior in children with ADHD is functionally related to the domain-general central executive and/or subsidiary storage/rehearsal components of working memory. Objective observations of children's attentive behavior by independent observers were conducted while children with ADHD (n = 15) and typically developing children (n = 14) completed counterbalanced tasks that differentially manipulated central executive, phonological storage/rehearsal, and visuospatial storage/rehearsal demands. Results of latent variable and effect size confidence interval analyses revealed two conditions that completely accounted for the attentive behavior deficits in children with ADHD: (a) placing demands on central executive processing, the effect of which is evident under even low cognitive loads, and (b) exceeding storage/rehearsal capacity, which has similar effects on children with ADHD and typically developing children but occurs at lower cognitive loads for children with ADHD.
Identifier: FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0017 (IID), 10.1007/s10802-009-9357-6 (DOI)
Keywords: Analysis of Variance, Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Child, Child Behavior, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Models, Psychological, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Severity of Illness Index, Wechsler Scales
Uncontrolled subjects: Analysis of Variance, Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Child, Child Behavior, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Models, Psychological, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Severity of Illness Index, Wechsler Scales
Note: This is the authors accepted manuscript of an article published in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. Version of record is available'>http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10802-009-9357-6">available here.
Citation: Kofler, M. J., Rapport, M. D., Bolden, J., Sarver, D. E., & Raiker, J. S. (2010). ADHD and working memory: the impact of central executive deficits and exceeding storage/rehearsal capacity on observed inattentive behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(2), 149-161.
Subject(s): Psychology
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9357-6
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0017
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Psychology Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
Issue: 2, 38

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Kofler, M., Rapport, M., Bolden, J., Sarver, D., & Raiker, J. (2010). ADHD and working memory: the impact of central executive deficits and exceeding storage/rehearsal capacity on observed inattentive behavior. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9357-6