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Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents

Title: Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents.
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Name(s): Kofler, Michael, author
McCart, Michael, author
Zajac, Kristyn, author
Ruggiero, Kenneth, author
Saunders, Benjamin E. (Benjamin Edward), author
Kilpatrick, Dean G., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2011
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: OBJECTIVES: The current study tested opposing predictions stemming from the failure and acting out theories of depression-delinquency covariation. METHOD: Participants included a nationwide longitudinal sample of adolescents (N = 3,604) ages 12 to 17. Competing models were tested with cohort-sequential latent growth curve modeling to determine whether depressive symptoms at age 12 (baseline) predicted concurrent and age-related changes in delinquent behavior, whether the opposite pattern was apparent (delinquency predicting depression), and whether initial levels of depression predict changes in delinquency significantly better than vice versa. RESULTS: Early depressive symptoms predicted age-related changes in delinquent behavior significantly better than early delinquency predicted changes in depressive symptoms. In addition, the impact of gender on age-related changes in delinquent symptoms was mediated by gender differences in depressive symptom changes, indicating that depressive symptoms are a particularly salient risk factor for delinquent behavior in girls. CONCLUSION: Early depressive symptoms represent a significant risk factor for later delinquent behavior--especially for girls--and appear to be a better predictor of later delinquency than early delinquency is of later depression. These findings provide support for the acting out theory and contradict failure theory predictions.
Identifier: FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0015 (IID), 10.1037/a0024108 (DOI)
Keywords: Acting Out, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Child, Depression, Female, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Juvenile Delinquency, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Psychological Theory, Risk Factors
Uncontrolled subjects: Acting Out, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Child, Depression, Female, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Juvenile Delinquency, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Psychological Theory, Risk Factors
Note: This is the authors accepted manuscript of an article published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Version of record is'>http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0024108">is available here.
Citation: Kofler, M. J., McCart, M. R., Zajac, K., Ruggiero, K. J., Saunders, B. E., & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2011). Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 79(4), 458.
Subject(s): Psychology
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024108
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_psy_faculty_publications-0015
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Psychology Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Issue: 4, 79

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Kofler, M., McCart, M., Zajac, K., Ruggiero, K., Saunders, B. E. (B. E. ), & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2011). Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024108