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modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles

Title: A modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles.
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Name(s): Chan, Steven, author
Misra, Vasubandhu, author
Smith, H., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2011
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The European Centre for Medium-Range Forecasts Reanalysis-40 and National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)/Department of Energy reanalyses are downscaled over the eastern Caribbean and Lesser Antilles using the NCEP-Scripps Regional Spectral Model for Augusts when the Atlantic Warm Pool (AWP) area is the most anomalous. The simulations show a two-way influence between the Lesser Antilles and the AWP: the islands modulate the regional atmospheric circulation, and AWP variations modulate the interannual variabilities of the islands. The Lesser Antilles introduce diurnal variations and drag to the easterlies. The presence of the islands modulates the prevalent easterlies as a result of the daytime heating of the islands and the consequent boundary layer expansion. The modulations are sensitive to the islands' size and topography. Small and flat islands act as thermal plumes, but the modulations of large and hilly islands are during the daytime as their boundary layer expands. The manifestation of the atmospheric response to the sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over the islands is sensitive to the island orography. For most islands, the atmospheric response to the SST anomalies is reflected only during the daytime. For all 1-grid-point islands and Antigua, nighttime and dawn minimum temperatures are modulated to the same degree as the daytime maximum. For island rainfall, downscaling reduces the gross overestimations of rainfall in the reanalyses. However, our downscaling results suggest that there is room for improvement in simulating the marine surface diurnal cycle.
Identifier: FSU_migr_coaps_pubs-0029 (IID), 10.1029/2010JD015260 (DOI)
Keywords: climate model, Caribbean, Atlantic, warm pool, islands
Note: © Copyright [2011] American Meteorological Society (AMS)
Citation: Chan, S. C., V. Misra, and H. Smith (2011), A modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00Q02, doi:10.1029/2010JD015260.
Subject(s): Atmospheric sciences
Meteorology
Oceanography
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_coaps_pubs-0029
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: COAPS Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of Geophysical Research.

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Chan, S., Misra, V., & Smith, H. (2011). A modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles. Journal Of Geophysical Research. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_coaps_pubs-0029