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High-latitude ocean and sea ice surface fluxes

Title: High-latitude ocean and sea ice surface fluxes: requirements and challenges for climate research.
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Name(s): Bourassa, Mark, author
Gille, Sarah Tragler, author
Bitz, Cecilia M., author
Carlson, David, author
Cerovecki, Ivana, author
Cronin, Meghan, author
Drennan, Will, author
Fairall, Chris, author
Hoffman, Ross, author
Magusdottir, Gudrun, author
Pinker, Rachel, author
Renfrew, Ian, author
Serreze, Mark C., author
Speer, Kevin G. (Kevin George), author
Talley, Lynne D., author
Wick, Gary, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2012
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Improving knowledge of air-sea exchanges of heat, momentum, fresh water, and gases is critical to understanding climate, and this is particularly true in high-latitude regions, where anthropogenic climate change is predicted to be exceptionally rapid. However, observations of these fluxes are extremely scarce in the Arctic, the Southern Ocean, and the Antarctic marginal seas. High winds, high sea state, extreme cold temperatures, seasonal sea ice, and the remoteness of the regions all conspire to make observations difficult to obtain. Annually averaged heat-flux climatologies can differ by more than their means, and in many cases there is no clear consensus about which flux products are most reliable. Although specific flux accuracy requirements for climate research vary depending on the application, in general fluxes would better represent high-latitude processes if wind stresses achieved 0.01Nm-2 accuracy at high wind speed and if heat fluxes achieved 10 W m-2 accuracy (averaged over several days) with 25 km grid spacing. Improvements in flux estimates will require a combination of efforts, including a concerted plan to make better use of ships of opportunity to collect meteorological data, targeted efforts to deploy a few flux moorings in high-wind regions, and improved satellite retrievals of flux-related variables.
Identifier: FSU_migr_coaps_pubs-0017 (IID)
Keywords: flux, white, climate, Arctic, Antarctic
Note: Submitted to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. Pre-publication version accessible at http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/~sgille/highlat/hilatr_manuscript_v29s.pdf'>http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/~sgille/highlat/hilatr_manuscript_v29s.pdf">http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/~sgille/highlat/hilatr_manuscript_v29s.pdf
Citation: Bourassa, Mark; Gille, Sarah; Bitz, Cecilia; Carlson, David; Cerovecki, Ivana; Cronin, Meghan; Drennan, Will; Fairall, Chris; Hoffman, Ross; Magusdottir, Gudrun; Pinker, Rachel; Renfrew, Ian; Serreze, Mark; Speer, Kevin; Talley, Lynne; and Wick, Gary, "High-latitude ocean and sea ice surface fluxes: requirements and challenges for climate research" (2012). Submitted to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.
Subject(s): Atmospheric sciences
Meteorology
Oceanography
Links: http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/~sgille/highlat/hilatr_manuscript_v29s.pdf
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_coaps_pubs-0017
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: COAPS Publications.
Is Part Of: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Choose the citation style.
Bourassa, M., Gille, S. T., Bitz, C. M., Carlson, D., Cerovecki, I., Cronin, M., … Wick, G. (2012). High-latitude ocean and sea ice surface fluxes: requirements and challenges for climate research. Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society. Retrieved from http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/~sgille/highlat/hilatr_manuscript_v29s.pdf